Tocharians-Turanians and Pseudotocharians-Tarimians. The traces of Chemurchek migration

B. A. Muratov

 

 

The term ‘the Tocharians’ - not lucky in the science. Originally, after the works of the German researcher Walter Bruno Henning, the scientists gave this name for Arsi people and Kusan people from Tarim basin. Accordingly the lands of the Tarim basin, where lived Arsi and Kushan was called a ancient Tocharistan, in contrast to the modern Tocharistan, which is located to the South of the Tarim basin.
 
But there a lot of questions about why ancient Tocharistan was located to the North of the Tarim, than say a modern Tocharistan, where now live the Iranian peoples? Why done a name Tocharians for the inhabitants of the Tarim basin, because Arsi and Kusans was not talking at Iranian languages, and also the languages of Arsi-Kusan have relation with to Thracian-Phrygian, Germanic and Balto-Slavic languages.
 
Well, named the Tocharians — the peoples of the Tarim: Arsi and Kushan - no problem, it would be possible to close this topic. But there were found archival documents about true Tocharians — Turanians (East-Iranian) tribes , whose descendants also live still in modern Tocharistan, and  whose the genetic line known, the descendants of these true Tocharians — R1a-Z2125, that is exactly the same subclade as cluster of most other Iranian and Turanian peoples - Pashtuns, Baluchi, Bashkirs, Karachays, Kyrgyzs, etc.
 
Also, need to figure out who was Tarimians, whose language was akin to the Thracian-Phrygian, Germanic and Balto-Slavic languages.
 
The better than researcher A.A. Kovalev this question - nobody failed to install. A.A. Kovalev on the basis of archaeological material revealed that Tarim people are descendants of the population of Chemurchek archaeological culture from Dzungaria and Southern Siberia (2 600-1 700 BC). Chemurchek people — the descendants of the Neolithic population from France and Switzerland, which in the IV-III Millennium migrated from Europe to the territory of Southern Siberia and Dzungaria. also this question was proved by data of Paleo-DNA, the mitochondrial haplogroup of Chemurcheks from Ayna-Bulak I-3 had European origin .
 
Very close to unraveling the origin Tarimians approached and V.V. Napolskikh, which found that, Tocharian-Uralic areal connection was the basis of Tocharian attribution of Seima-Turbino phenomenon, also with this version about relationship of Tarimians with Seima-Turbino phenomenon worked A.A. Kovalev.
 
What were reasons for migration, the population of Neolithic France and Switzerland to the far Southern Siberia and Dzungaria in the IV-III Millennium BC, the distance - will agree with me, are decent — 6.5 thousand km.
 
As the version is the - search of a land where the sun rises. Perhaps there were still stories about coming once the ancestors of these people from the East, and they wanted to find the land of their ancestors. By the way according ethnogenomics, the main haplogroups of Europeans — R1a and R1b as their ancestral paragroup - R1 originated in Southern Siberia.
 
The one group of tribes (probably led by the priests) went to the East to find the sun and find the land of the ancestors...
 
The East in the beliefs of the ancient Indo-Europeans was associated with the country good and Holy , while the West — was considered a country of death, because every day the sun went down and disappeared from the horizon. Indirectly on the grounds of religious thinking as one of the causes of migration indicated by the fact that along with the men, went also women , i.e. families, it was the migration of a whole people.

 

 

Perhaps the traces of this migration can be found also among the population of Mezhovskaya archaeological culture of the early Bronze age. The part of Mezhovskaya also lived in the Kapova cave in the Southern Ural. The, Paleo-DNA of Mezhovskaya culture from Kapova cave (Shulgan Tash) revealed subclade R1a-Z645 and R1b, and R1a-Z645 with possible lines of the European R1a-Z283, but because of the poor quality of paleo-material of Mezhovskaya - i can not to say this fact more correctly. And it is very significant that among population of Mezhovskaya in addition to R1a-Z645 was discovered also and man with haplogroup R1b, because it is the representatives of haplogroup R1b are currently distributed among the inhabitants of Western and Central Europe. And the languages of Germanic and Celtic peoples related with languages of Tarimians.
 

 

whole article see here (In Russian)  

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