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Table 1: Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from historic and prehistoric human remains in Europe and related remains in Asia, arranged chronologically. Dates for particular cultures vary from region to region, so there is chronological overlap in the periods. For Nucleic Acid nomenclature and aDNA issues see Introduction to ancient DNA

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source

    pigmentation from genes
pigmentation surviving
Links to site description and/or [reconstruction of individual]
  usually approximate Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information  

Palaeolithic

  Russia Kostenki 14 [Markina Gora] M 37,985 BP     U2 11467, 12308, 12372, 1811, 16051 Fu 2013;Krause 2010
  Czech Republic Dolni Vestonice [13]   31,155 BP     U8 151, 3480, 7031, 10398, 16189 Fu 2013
  Czech Republic Dolni Vestonice [14, 15]   31,155 BP     U 2 samples 16192, 16270 Fu 2013
Gravettian Italy Paglicci Cave, Foggia [23]   28,000 BP     HV or U? CRS in region 16024–16383 Caramelli 2008
Gravettian Wales, UK Paviland [Red Lady] M 26,000 BP     Unreliable CRS; Cloning not used. Sykes 2000
Gravettian Russia Sunghir

[S2 and S3]

M & F 25,000 BP     Unreliable Two samples 16129A reported in same grave, probable contamination. Alexeeva 2000;Ovchinnikov and Goodwin 2003
Gravettian Italy Paglicci Cave [12]   24,000 BP     ? 73G, 10873C, 10238T, 10397A, 10398A, 10399C, 10400C, 16223T, reported as N*, correct for 10398A, but inconsistent with 10400C, so possible mosaic. Caramelli 2003Bandelt 2005
Gravettian Italy Paglicci Cave [25]   24,000 BP     HV or R0 CRS in HVR1, 7025 AluI, 00073A, 11719G, 12308A Caramelli 2003
Solutrian Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-NM82.2]   18,000-15,000 BC     R0? 16126C, 16311Y Fernández 2005
Solutrian Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-NT79]   18,000-15,000 BC     U 16192T 16311C Fernández 2005
Magdalenian Germany Hohler Fels [49 Ib1 66]   13,400 BC     U CRS in HVRI, 1721C, 7028Y, 12372A, 14766T, 14793A, Bramanti 2009
Magdalenian Germany Hohler Fels [10 Ic 405]   13,400 BC     U 1721C, 7028T, 12372A, 14766T, 14793A Bramanti 2009
  Italy Paglicci Cave [Accesso sala 2 Rim P]   13,000 - 9000 BC     U2'3'4'7'8'9 146, 150, 152, 5999, 6152, 6498C>A, 8860, 10020, 14152, 15326, 15466, 16274, 16297 Fu 2013
  Germany Oberkassel [998]   12,000 BC     U5b1 16192! Fu 2013
  Germany Oberkassel [998, 999]   11,400 BC     U5b1 16189, 16166 Fu 2013
Magdalenian Spain El Pirulejo [1P1]   11,500-10,500 BC     ? 16182C, 16183C, 16189C Fernández 2005
Magdalenian Spain El Pirulejo [2P1]   11,500-10,500 BC     Unreliable CRS Fernández 2005
Magdalenian Spain La Pasiega (Cantabria) [PS-1]         R0 or HV rCRS in HVRI, G73A, reported as H Hervella 2012
Magdalenian Spain La Chora (Cantabria) [CH-1]         U? 73G, 16093, 16362, reported as H6 Hervella 2012
Magdalenian Spain Erralla (Gipuzkoa) [ERR-1]   12,300 BP     U5 16270 Hervella 2012
Late Epi-Gravettian Italy Continenza [7]   14,000 - 8000 BP     U5b2b1   Fu 2013

Mesolithic


Pitted Ware sites are classed as Mesolithic here, because of their hunter-gatherer economy, though they fall within the Neolithic period.
  Italy Villabruna, Trentino-South Tyrol   12,267-11,831 BC     ? 16261, 16274 Di Benedetto 2000
  England, UK Gough's Cave, Cheddar [Not Cheddar Man]   10,500 BC     HV or U? CRS Sykes 2000
  Portugal           ? 16336, reported as H Chandler 2005
  Portugal           U5b1c1? 16311, 16336, reported as H Chandler 2005
  Portugal           V10a? 16222, 16261, 16311, reported as H Chandler 2005
  Portugal           U4/H1b 2 samples 16189, 16356, 16362, reported as H Chandler 2005
  Portugal           N5? 16073, 16111, 16223, reported as N* Chandler 2005
  Portugal           N1b? 16073, 16223, 16390, reported as N* Chandler 2005
  Portugal           U4 16073, 16189, 16356, 16362, reported as U* Chandler 2005
  Portugal           U5b1c2 16073, 16174, 16189, 16192, 16270, 16311, reported as U5 Chandler 2005
  Russia Chekalino ? 7800 BC     U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T, +12308 HinfI Bramanti 2009
  Russia Lebyazhinka [IVa] M 8000-7000BC     U5a1 16192T, 16241C, 16256T, 16270T, 16399G; +12308 HinfI Bramanti 2009
  Germany Falkensteiner Höhle M 7200 BC     U5b2 12372A, 14766T, 14793A, 161721T, 167028T Bramanti 2009
  Portugal Toledo, Lourinha [K-13]   7200-6800BC     R? 16223T Fernández 2005
  England, UK Gough's Cave, Cheddar [Cheddar Man] M 7000 BC     U5 16192T, 16270T, reported by ISOGG as U5a ISOGG
  Sweden Stora Förvar cave, Stora Karlsö Island   6,873 ± 119 BC     U4b1   Skoglund 2013
  Germany Bad Dürrenberg [2] F 6850 BC     U4 16356C, +12308 HinfI, +7028 AluI Bramanti 2009
  Germany Hohlenstein-Stadel [5830a] M 6700 BC     U5a2a? 1721C, 7028T, 12372A, 14766T, 14793G, 16114A, 16192T, 16256T, 16294T, 16311C, reported as U5a Bramanti 2009
  Germany Hohlenstein-Stadel [5830b] F 6700 BC     U5b2 1721T, 7028T, 12372A, 14766T, 14793A, 16192T, 16270T Bramanti 2009
Kunda Culture Lithuania Spiginas [4] F 6350 BC     U4 16356C, +12308 HinfI, +7028 AluI Bramanti 2009
Kunda Culture? Lithuania Donkalnis [1] F       U5b2? 16192T, 16270T, +12308 HinfI, 14793A Bramanti 2009
  Luxembourg Loschbour LSB1 M 6000 BC     U5b1a 16189!, 6701 (reported as U5a by Delsate) Fu 2013;Delsate 2009
  Russia Uznyi Oleni Ostrov [UZOO 43 and 45]   7500 BP     U2e 2 samples 16129C, 16189C, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Uznyi Oleni Ostrov [UZOO 16 and 40]   7500 BP     U4 2 samples 16093C, 16356C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Uznyi Oleni Ostrov [UZOO 70]   7500 BP     U5a 19192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16318G Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Uznyi Oleni Ostrov [UZOO 77]   7500 BP     H 16311C, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Uznyi Oleni Ostrov [UZOO 7, 8 and 74]   7500 BP     C1 3 samples 16189C, 16223T, 16298C, 16235C, 16327T Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Popova [Po4]   7000 BP     U4 16356C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Popova [Po2]   7000 BP     U4 16093C, 16356C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Spain Cingle del Mas Nou, Castellon   5000 BC     U5 2 samples 16270T Olaria 2011
  Spain La Brana-Arintero, Leon M 5000 BC     U5b2c1 2 samples of 150T, 723G, 960.1C. 1721T, 3197C, 6920A, 7768G, 9477A, 12372A, 13017G, 13434G, 13617C, 13637G, 14182C, 16192T, 16270T Sanchez-Quinto 2012
  Spain Aizpea, Navarre [AIZ-1]   4600 +/- 65 BC     U5b1 16051, 16093, 16189, 16192, 1270 Hervella 2012
Narva Culture Lithuania Kretuonas [3] M 4450 BC     U5b2? 16192T, 16270T, +12308 HinfI, 14793A Bramanti 2009
Narva Culture Lithuania Kretuonas [1] F 4200 BC     U5b2? 16192T, 16270T, +12308 HinfI, 14793A Bramanti 2009
Zedmar culture? Poland Dudka [2] ? 3650 BC     U5b1 16189C, 16270T, +12308 HinfI Bramanti 2009
Zedmar Culture Poland Dudka [3] ? 4000-3000BC     U5b1 16189C, 16265G, 16270T, +12308 HinfI, +7028 AluI Bramanti 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 14, 19]   2800-2000BC     ? 2 samples 16311C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 13]   2800-2000BC     U4 16260T, 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 52b, 66]   2800-2000BC     U4 2 samples 16093C, 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 70]   2800-2000BC     U4 16093C, 16356C, reported as U4d/U4a2 Malmstrom 2009; Skoglund 2012
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 54 ]   2800-2000BC     U5 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 36]   2800-2000BC     U5 16270T, 16362C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 5, 29a]   2800-2000BC     U5a 2 samples 16256T, 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ajvide, Eksta, Gotland [Ajv 52a]   2800-2000BC     V 16298C Malmstrom 2009;Skoglund 2012
Pitted Ware Sweden Fridtorp, Västerhejde, Gotland [Fri 15, Frid 22]   2800-2000BC     U4 2 samples 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Fridtorp, Västerhejde,, Gotland [Fri 4]   2800-2000BC     U5 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Fridtorp, Västerhejde,, Gotland [Fri 27]   2800-2000BC     U5a 16256T, 16270T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 8]   2800-2000BC     U4d 16093C, 16224C, 16242T, 16311C Malmstrom 2009;Skoglund 2012
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 6B]   2800-2000BC     T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C, reported as T Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 9]   2800-2000BC     U4 16093C, 16356C Malmstrom 2009
Pitted Ware Sweden Ire, Hangvar, Gotland [Ire 3]   2800-2000BC     U4 16356C Malmstrom 2009
  Poland Drestwo [2] M 2250 BC     U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, +12308 HinfI Bramanti 2009
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 49-3, 57-1]   3500 BP     U4a1 2 samples 16093C, 16129A, 16311C, 16356C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 49-1, 72-11]   3500 BP     U5a 2 samples 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 72-9, 72-10, 72-14, 78-8]   3500 BP     U5a1 4 samples 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16399G Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 72-4]   3500 BP     T* 16093C, 16126C, 16294T Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 49-4, 57-3, 72-2, 72-7, 72-12] 49-2, 3500 BP     C* 6 samples 16223T, 16298C, 16327C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 72-5, 72-6]   3500 BP     C5 2 samples 16148T, 16223T, 16288C, 16298C, 16311C, 16327C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 49-6, 72-13, 72-15]   3500 BP     D* 3 samples 16223T, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 49-5, 72-3]   3500 BP     Z1a 2 samples 16129A, 16185T, 16223T, 16224C, 16260T, 16298C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013
  Russia Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov [BOO 72-1]   3500 BP     Z1a 16129A, 16155G, 16185T, 16223T, 16224C, 16260T, 16298C Der Sarkissian 2011Der Sarkissian 2013

Neolithic

Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Dja’de el Mughara [SK-A2]   7400-6700BC     T2b 16218T, 16294T, 16304C, 16320T Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H3, H4, H45]   6800-6000BC     H or K 2 complete HVRI samples 16224C and one incomplete Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H25]   6800-6000BC     ? Incomplete HVRI with 16327T Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H68]   6800-6000BC     T2b 16266T, 16294T, 16304C Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H24 ]   6800-6000BC     T2b Incomplete HVRI with 16294T, 16304C 16230T Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H53]   6800-6000BC     H5 16304C Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H7, H36]   6800-6000BC     K? 2 samples 16311C, one incomplete HVRI Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H49]   6800-6000BC     R? 16223T Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H37]   6800-6000BC     L2a1 16223T, 16261T, 16278T, 16294T, 16309G Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Halula [H43]   6800-6000BC     L2a1 Incomplete HVRI with 16261T, 16278T, 16294T, 16309G Fernández 2008
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-31]   6000-5750BC     H 16147A Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [T65-14]   6000-5750BC     K 16224C, 16311C Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-C8-SEB, T65-1S]   6000-5750BC     K 2 samples 16224C, 16311C, 16366T Fernández 2005
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R66-N4-400]   6000-5750BC     C1 16224C, 16298C, 16325C, 16327T Fernández 2005
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [12:14 and 12:18] M 6000-5800BC     H3a? 2 samples 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C Özbal 2010citing 2004(
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [25:8] F 6000-5800BC     ? 16094G, 16163G, 16187T Özbal 2010
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [25:80] M 6000-5800BC     ? 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16219G, 16312C Özbal 2010
  Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [26:2] M 6000-4000BC     ? 16094G, 16163G, 16187T Özbal 2010
  Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [12:13 and 26:12] M + F 6000-4000BC     H3a? 2 samples 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C Özbal 2010
  Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [24:27]   6000-4000BC     ? 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16219G, 16312C Özbal 2010
Cardial Spain Can Sadurnı [CSA0511 and CSA09]   5475–5305 BC     N* 2 samples 16223T, 16362C, 5178C, 4833A, 10873T, 10398A, 10400C, 10238T Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Can Sadurnı [CSA29 ]   5475–5305 BC     N* 16147T, 16223T, 16362C, 10398A, 10400C, 10873T, 10238T Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Can Sadurnı [CSA152223]   5475–5305 BC     K 16224C, 16311C, 10550G Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Can Sadurnı [CSA16]   5475–5305 BC     H 16362C, 7028C Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Can Sadurnı [CSA24]   5475–5305 BC     U5 16136C, 16192T, 16270T, 14766T, 3197C Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Can Sadurnı [CSA26]   5475–5305 BC     X1 16183C, 16189C (het), 16223T, 16278T 7028T, 1719G, 6371T Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Chaves [1CH0102]   5329–4999 BC     K 16224C, 16311C, 10550G Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Chaves [2CH0102]   5329–4999 BC     H CRS, 7028C Gamba 2012
Cardial Spain Chaves [3CH01]   5329–4999 BC     H 16129A, 7028C Gamba 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya54] M 5616–5482 BC     T Excluded from Nikitin 2012; presumably among results which failed to replicate Lillie 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya45] M 5471–5223 BC     C 16223T, 16298C, 16327T + coding region not H Nikitin 2012;Lillie 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya64] M 5479–5064 BC     H rCRS + coding region indicating H Nikitin 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya36] M 5557–4792 BC     H 16320T + coding region indicating H Nikitin 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya19] F 5474–5225 BC     U3 16343G + coding region indicating U/K Nikitin 2012;Lillie 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya17]   5437–5090 BC     U1? Excluded from Nikitin 2012; presumably among results which failed to replicate Lillie 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya34]   5323–4941 BC     C4a2 16223T, 16298C, 16327T, 16357C + coding region not H Nikitin 2012;Lillie 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Yasinovatka [Ya32] M undated     T Excluded from Nikitin 2012; presumably among results which failed to replicate Lillie 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Nikolskoye [Ni58] M undated     C 16223T, 16298C, 16327T + coding region not H Nikitin 2012
Dnieper-Donets Ukraine Nikolskoye [Ni91] F 5358–4993 BC     U5a1a 16256T, 16270T, 16356C + coding region U/K Nikitin 2012
Impressed ware Portugal     5500-4750BC     H   Chandler 2005
Impressed ware Portugal     5500-4750BC     U*   Chandler 2005
Impressed ware Portugal     5500-4750BC     U5   Chandler 2005
Impressed ware Portugal     5500-4750BC     V   Chandler 2005
Körös Hungary Vörs 52   5500 BC     C5 16223T, 16288C, 16298C, 16327T Guba 2011
LBK Austria Asparn Schletz [ASP2]   5000 BC ?     H* -12308, Hinf -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Eilsleben [EIL1]   5000 BC ?     H* -12308, Hinf -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Flomborn [FLO2]   5000 BC ?     H* -12308, Hinf -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Schwetzingen [SCHWE4]   5000 BC ?     H* -7025 Alu I Haak 2005
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL36]   5000 BC ?     H23 C10211T Brotherton 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL11]   5000 BC ?     H G73A, C146T, C152T, C195T,A247G,T16093C,T16187C,C16189T,T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, C16311T Brotherton 2013; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL12]   5000 BC ?     K A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, T16224C, G16230A, T16278C Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL14]   5000 BC ?     T2b T16093C, T16126C, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, C16294T, C16296T, T16304C, C16311T Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL16 and HAL17]   5000 BC ?     V 2 samples A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, T16298C, C16311T Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL32]   5000 BC ?     H26 T11152C Brotherton 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL39]   5000 BC ?     H1e G3010A, G5460A Brotherton 2013
LBK Germany Karsdorf [KAR6a]   5000 BC ?     H1bz G1719A, G3010A, C14380T Brotherton 2013
LBK Germany Karsdorf [KAR11b]   5000 BC ?     H T152C! Brotherton 2013
LBK Germany Karsdorf [KAR16a]   5000 BC ?     H46b C2772T, A11893G Brotherton 2013
LBK Germany Seehausen [SEE1]   5000 BC ?     J*   Haak 2005
LBK Germany Unterwiederstedt [UWS8 and UWS4]   5000 BC ?     J 2 samples of C16069T, T16126C Adler 2012
LBK Germany Flomborn [FLO5 and FLO6]   5000 BC ?     K 2 samples Haak 2005
LBK Germany Unterwiederstedt [UWS2]   5000 BC ?     K   Haak 2005
LBK Germany Unterwiederstedt [UWS3]   5000 BC ?     K T16224C, T16311A Adler 2012
LBK Germany Unterweiderstedt [UWS6]   5000 BC ?    

N1a1a

G16129A, C16147A, T16154C, T16172C, C16223T, C16248T, C16320T, C16355T, reported as N1a in Adler Adler 2012
LBK Germany Unterweiderstedt [UWS5] F 5000 BC ?    

N1a1a

16129A, 16147A, 16154C, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2005;Gounder 2010
LBK Germany Flomborn [1] ? 5000 BC ?     N1a1a1 @2702, 8164, 9300, 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2005; Gounder 2010
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL2] ? 5079-4997 /5066-4979BC     N1a1a2 207, 8485, 15299, 16086C, 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2005;Gounder 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Unterweiderstedt [UWS5.2] F 5000 BC ?    

N1a1a3

A16051G, T16092C, G16129A, C16147A, T16154C, T16172C, C16223T, C16248T, C16320T, C16355T, reported as N1a. Adler 2012
LBK Germany Flomborn [FLO4]   5000 BC ?     T   Haak 2005
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL3]   5171-5073BC     T2b T16093C, T16126C, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, C16294T, C16296T T16304C C16311T  Haak 2005; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Schwetzingen [SCHWE1, SCHWE2 and SCHWE5]   5000 BC ?     T 3 samples Haak 2005
LBK Germany Unterweiderstedt [UWS7]   5000 BC ?    

T2b23a

T16126C, C16147T, C16294T, C16296T, C16297C, T16304C, reported as T2 Adler 2012
LBK Germany Unterweiderstedt [UWS11]   5000 BC ?    

T2

T16126C, T16189C, C16294T, C16296T, reported as T Adler 2012
LBK Germany Vaihingen an der Enz [VAI3]   5000 BC ?     U3   Haak 2005
LBK Czech Republic Vedrovice, Moravia [22/75, 72/79 and 91/80] F 5300 BC     K 3 examples Bramanti 2008Zvelebil and Pettitt 2012
LBK Czech Republic Vedrovice [15/75, 23/75] M 5300 BC     T2 2 examples Bramanti 2008; Zvelebil and Pettitt 2012
LBK Czech Republic Vedrovice [59/78] M 5300 BC     H   Bramanti 2008; Zvelebil and Pettitt 2012
LBK Czech Republic Vedrovice [48/77] F 5300 BC     J1c   Bramanti 2008
LBK Czech Republic Vedrovice [93a/80] F? 5300 BC     U   Zvelebil and Pettitt 2012
Alföld Hungary Ecsegfalva I   5250-5000BC     N1a1b @152, 1711, 7750, 8227, 8573, 10143, 10454, 11884, 12358, 16093, 16147A 16172C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16274A, 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2005;Gounder 2010
Alföld Hungary Ecsegfalva 23A   5250-5000BC     N1a 16147A, 16172C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16274A, 16355T Guba 2011
Alföld Hungary Mezőkövesd 25   5250-5000BC     ? 16324C, partial, reported as M/R24 Guba 2011
Alföld Hungary Folyás 111   5250-5000BC     H? CRS, HVI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB 20] M 5300-5226BC F* (xG,H,I,J,K) M89 HV 16311C Haak 2010;Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB 21] F 5207-5159BC     H1j G3010A, T4733C, reported as H by Haak. Full mDNA in Brotherton Haak 2010;Brotherton 2013; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL1]   5207-5159BC     V A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A T16278C, T16298C, C16311T -12308, Hinf, +7025 Alu I Haak 2005; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB39] F 5207-5159BC     T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C, reported as T2 Haak 2010
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB5] inf 5171-5073BC     HV 16311C, -12308 Hinf +7025 Alu I Haak 2005;Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB35] F? 5169-5074BC     T2f 16126C, 16189C, 16294T, 16296T, reported as T by Haak Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB3] F 5079-5022BC     N1a1a1 @2702, 8164, 9300, 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2005;Haak 2010;Gounder 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB32] F 5079-4998BC     T rCRS. Reported as T on coding region Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL7]   5079-5003BC     N1a1 A16129G, C16147a, T16172C, T16187C, C16189T, G16230A, C16248T, T16278C, C16311T Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB4] M 5078-4998BC     HV 16311C, -12308 Hinf +7025 Alu I Haak 2005;Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB12] Inf M? 5075-5004BC     V 16298C Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB1] F? 5064-4984BC     N1a1b @152, 1711, 7750, 8227, 8573, 10143, 10454, 11884, 12358, 16093, 16147A ,16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2005;Haak 2010;Gounder 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB9] F 5049-4947BC     H88 A8596G, reported as H by Haak. Full mDNA in Brotherton Haak 2010;Brotherton 2013; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL4]   5032-4946BC     N1a1a A16129G, C16147a, T16172C, T16187C, C16189T, G16230A, C16248T, T16278C, C16311T, C16320T, C16355T Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL15]   5030-4948BC     N1a1a3 C16147a, T16154C, T16172C, T16187C, C16189T, G16230A, C16248T, T16278C, C16311T, C16320T, C16355T Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB22] F 5023-4933BC     N1a1a3 16092C, 16129A, 16147A, 16154C, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T, reported as N1a in Haak Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB29] F? 5000-4916BC     K   Haak 2010; Bradt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL5]   5000 BC ?     T2c T16126C, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, C16292T, C16294T, C16296T, C16311T Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Halberstadt [HAL9]   5000 BC ?     K1a T16093C, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, T16224C, G16230A, T16278C Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB11] F? 4997-4906BC     T   Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB2] F 5000 BC ?     K 16224C, 16311C Haak 2005;Haak 2010 ; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB6]   5000 BC ?     H?   Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB10] M 5000 BC ?     K1a 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, reported as K in Haak. Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB23] Inf M? 5000 BC ?     W T16093C, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, G16230A, T16278C, C16292T, C16311T Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB15] Inf F? 5000 BC ?     T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C, reported as T2 in Haak Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB26 and DEB30] M? + F? 5000 BC ?     J 2 samples of C16069T, T16126C, A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, C16311T Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB34] M 5000 BC ? G2a1c M201, P287, S126 (L30) W 16093C, 16223T, 16292T Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB33] F? 5000 BC ?     T2b23a 16126C, 16147T, 16293G, 16294T, 16296T, 16297C, 16304T, reported as T2 in Haak Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB36] F 5000 BC ?     U5a1a'g 16093C, 16256T, 16270T, 16399G Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB38] M 5000 BC ? F* (G,H,I,J,K) M89 K1a 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, reported as K in Haak Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
LBK Germany Derenburg Meerenstieg II [DEB37] F 5000 BC ?     J 16069T, 16126T Haak 2010; Brandt 2013
Tisza Hungary Szegvár 25   5000–4500 BC)     H? CRS, HVI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011;Banffy 2012
Tisza Hungary Kisköre-Gát 15   5000–4500 BC     D1/G1a1 16223T, 16325C, T362C Guba 2011;Banffy 2012
Epicardial Spain Avellaner cave, Catalonia [Ave01, Ave02, Ave06] M 5000 BC G2a M287-, P15+, Giv in table 3 K1a 3 samples 16093C; 16224C; 16311C Lacan 2011b
Epicardial Spain Avellaner cave, Catalonia [Ave03] M 5000 BC G2a M287-, P15+, Giv in table 3 H3 CRS Lacan 2011b
Epicardial Spain Avellaner cave, Catalonia [Ave04] F 5000 BC     T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Lacan 2011b
Epicardial Spain Avellaner cave, Catalonia [Ave05] M 5000 BC G2a M287-, P15+, Giv in table 3 T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Lacan 2011b
Epicardial Spain Avellaner cave, Catalonia [Ave07] M 5000 BC E1b1b1a1b M35.1, V13, Ei in table 3 U5 16051G; 16189C; 16270T Lacan 2011b
Lengyel Hungary Aszód   5000-5300BC     H? CRS, HVI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt - Schrammhöhe [OSH 1]   4625-4250BC     H16 T152C!, C10394T Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 2]   4625-4250BC     H89 A6932G, C8068T, T12696C Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 3]   4625-4250BC     H1 G3010A Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 7]   4625-4250BC     H5b C456T, G5471A, T16304C, C16519T Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 10]   4625-4250BC     HV0 T16298C, reported as HV Adler 2012
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 6]   4625-4250BC     K T16224C, T16311C Adler 2012
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OAO 1]   4625-4250BC     N1a1a C16147A , T16172C, 16223T, C16248T, C16320T, C16355T, reported as N1a Adler 2012
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 8]   4625-4250BC     T2 T16126C, T16189C, 16294T, 16296T Adler 2012
Rossen Germany Esperstedt [ESP 13]   4625-4250BC     T2e 16126C, 16153A, 16294T, 16296T Adler 2012
Rossen Germany Oberweiderstedt [OSH 5]   4625-4250BC     X2j C16179T, T16189C, C16233T, G16225A, C16278T, T16297C, T16362C, reported as X2. Adler 2012
  Italy Mezzocorona, Trentino-South Tyrol   4444-4326BC     T2b3a 16126, 16292, 16294 Di Benedetto 2000
  Spain Sant Pau del Camp [6SP0102]   4250–3700 BC     K 16224C, 16311C 10550G Gamba 2012
  Spain Sant Pau del Camp [26SP0102]   4250–3700 BC     H20 16218T, 16328A, (16362C) 7028C Gamba 2012
  Spain Sant Pau del Camp [27SP0102]   4250–3700 BC     N* 16147T, 16223T, 16362C 10873T, 7028T, 10238T Gamba 2012
  Italy Borgo Nuovo, Trentino-South Tyrol   4240-3930BC     H? CRS Di Benedetto 2000

Megalithic

France Péré tumulus C, Prissé-la-Charrière[4]   4200 BC     N1a 16172C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16274A, 16355T Deguilloux 2010
Megalithic France Péré tumulus C, Prissé-la-Charrière [2]   4200 BC     U5b 16189C, 16270T, 16271C, Deguilloux 2010
Megalithic France Péré tumulus C, Prissé-la-Charrière [1] M 4200 BC     X2 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Deguilloux 2010
Schöningen Germany Salzmünde [SALZ18a]   4100-3950BC     H10i C13503T, T14470a, T16093C Brotherton 2013
Schöningen Germany Salzmünde [SALZ21b]   4100-3950BC     H1e7 T1766C, G3010A, G5460A Brotherton 2013
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-21]   4185- 3185BC     U? rCRS in HVRI, 73G in HVRII, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-33, CAS-182, CAS-497]   4185- 3185BC     H? 3 samples rCRS in HVRI, 73A in HVRII Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-48, CAS-90, CAS-196]   4185- 3185BC     ? 3 samples 73G, 16146, 16263, 16285, 16309.1C, 16310.1T, 16312, 16313, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-173, CAS-222, CAS-341]   4185- 3185BC     H? 3 samples 73A, 16129, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-194, CAS-193S]   4185- 3185BC     H? 2 samples of 73A, 16311, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-70, CAS 216, CAS 254, CAS-258]   4185- 3185BC     U 4 samples of 73G, 16146, 16263, 16285, 16309.1, 16310.1, 16312, 16313 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-148]   4185- 3185BC     U 73G, 16278, 16311 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-204]   4185- 3185BC     U 73G, 16270, 16311 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-183]   4185- 3185BC     U 73G, 16163 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-517]   4185- 3185BC     U 16365 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-181, CAS-191, CAS-202 ]   4185- 3185BC     K 3 samples of 73G, 16224, 16311, reported as K1a Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-179]   4185- 3185BC     J 73G, 16069, 16126, 16195 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-203]   4185- 3185BC     J 73G, 16069, 16129 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-180]   4185- 3185BC     T2 73G, 16126, 16294, 16296 Hervella 2012
  Spain Los Cascajos, Navarre [CAS-257]   4185- 3185BC     X 73G, 16183, 16189, 16233, 16278 Hervella 2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Ibero, Pamplona, Navarra [PAT-1E1]   4090-3.960 BC     U rCRS in HRVI; 73G Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Navarra [PAT-1E3, PAT-2E1] M & F 4090-3.960 BC     H? 2 samples rCRS in HRVI, 73A, reported as H Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Navarra [PAT-1E5] inf 4090-3.960 BC     H 73A, 16092, 16311 Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Navarra [PAT-1E4, PAT-4E2] F 4090-3.960 BC     H1a1? 2 samples of 73A, 16209, reported as H3 Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Navarra [PAT-3E2] F? 4090-3.960 BC     HV? 73A, 16311, reported as HV Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Navarra [PAT-4E1] M 4090-3.960 BC     I 73G, 16129, 16233 Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Paternanbidea, Navarra [PAT-2E2] F 4090-3.960 BC     K 73G, 16092, 16224, 16311 Hervella 2009;2012
  Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-1829]   3875 BC     H11a or L1b 16126C 16264T 16270T 16278T 16293G 16311C Fernández 2008
Baalberge Germany Esperstedt [ESP30]   3950-3400BC     H1e1a5 G3010A, G5460A, (C5960T), A8512G, G8865A, C14902T Brotherton 2013
Baalberge Germany Halle-Queis [HQU4]   3950-3400BC     H7d5 A4793G, C15409T, G16388A Brotherton 2013
  Spain Camıi de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     H? 3 samples CRS Sampietro 2007
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     H 16288C, 16362C Sampietro 2007
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     I1c1 (16129A), 16223T, 16264T, 16270T, 16311C, 16319A, 16362C, reported by Sampietro as I1. Sampietro 2007; Olivieri 2013
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     J 2 samples 16069T, 16126C Sampietro 2007
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     T2 16126C, 16140C, 16294T, 16296T, 16311C Sampietro 2007
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     T2 16126C, 16140C, 16189C, 16294, 16296T, 16311C Sampietro 2007
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     U4 16134T Sampietro 2007
  Spain Cami de Can Grau Granollers, Barcelona   3500-3000BC     W1 16223T, 16292T, 16295T, 16304C Sampietro 2007
  Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba   3300-3042BC     H 23 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba   3300-3042BC     J 10 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba   3300-3042BC     K 14 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba   3300-3042BC     U 11 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain San Juan Ante Portam Latinam, Araba   3300-3042BC     T or X 3 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Altaï Republic (Russia) Kaminnaya Cave, Gorny Altai F 3500 BC     A4 152C, 663G, 16223T, 16290T 16319A 16362C Pilipenko 2011;Chikisheva 2007
Salzmünde Germany Salzmünde [SALZ57a]   3400-3025BC     H3 T152C!, T6776C Brotherton 2013
Salzmünde Germany Salzmünde [SALZ77a]   3400-3025BC     H3 T6776C Brotherton 2013
Cucuteni-Trypillia Ukraine Verteba Cave [5]   3638–3370 BC     T2a1b1 Reported as T4 prior to nomenclature change. Nikitin 2010
Cucuteni-Trypillia Ukraine Verteba Cave [7b]   3634–3358 BC     H   Nikitin 2010
Cucuteni-Trypillia Ukraine Verteba Cave [1]   3619–2936 BC     H   Nikitin 2010
Cucuteni-Trypillia Ukraine Verteba Cave [2]   3511–3099 BC     Pre-HV   Nikitin 2010
Cucuteni-Trypillia Ukraine Verteba Cave [7a]   3006–2578 BC     HV/V Another sample of HV/V [7] was undated Nikitin 2010
Cucuteni-Trypillia Ukraine Verteba Cave [4]   3006–2488 BC     J   Nikitin 2010
  Germany Calden [KI065, KI090]   3400 - 3000BC     H2 2 samples 263G + rCRS in HVI Lee 2012a
  Germany Calden [KI116]   3400 - 3000BC     HV0 72C, 263G, 16298C Lee 2012a
  Germany Calden [KI125]   3400 - 3000BC     X2 73G, 153G, 195C, 225A, 263G, 16042A, 16179T, 16189C, 16223T, 16255A, 16278T, 16297C, 16362C Lee 2012a
  Germany Odagsen [KI168, KI186]   3400 - 3000BC     HV0 2 samples 72C, 263G, 16298C Lee 2012a
  Germany Odagsen [KI164]   3400 - 3000BC     H2

 

263G + rCRS in HVI Lee 2012a
  Spain Marizulo (Gipuzkoa) [MZ-1]   3285 BC     U5 73G, 16270, 16263, 16315.1C Hervella 2012
  Spain Fuente Hoz (Alava) [FH-6]   3240-3160BC     H? rCRS in HVRI, 73A, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Fuente Hoz (Alava) [FH-1, FH-4, FH-5]   3240-3160BC     U 3 samples of rCRS in HVRI, 73G in HVRII Hervella 2012
  Spain Fuente Hoz (Alava) [FH-3]   3240-3160BC     ? 16093, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Fuente Hoz (Alava) [FH-2]   3240-3160BC     U5a 73G, 16192, 16270 Hervella 2012
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 1, 14, 18, 20, 35   3100-2800BC       5 samples Meyer 2008
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 3, 27, 33   3100-2800BC     K 3 samples Meyer 2008
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 6, 19   3100-2800BC     T 2 samples Meyer 2008
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 17, 29, 36, 40   3100-2800BC     H 4 samples Meyer 2008
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 39   3100-2800BC     V?   Meyer 2008
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 15   3100-2800BC     W   Meyer 2008
Bernburg Germany Benzingerode 37   3100-2800BC     X   Meyer 2008
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [137] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 U5 16224C, 16270T, 16311C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [139] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 J1 16069T. 16126C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [195] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 U5 16192T, 16270T Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [209] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 J1 16069T, 16126C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [570] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 X2 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [571]   3000 BC     U CRS Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [573] F 3000 BC     HV0 16298C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [575] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 U5 16227G, 16256T, 16270T, 16362TC Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [577] M 3000 BC I2a1 M438, P37.2; 2 H3 CRS Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [579] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 U5 16224C, 16270T Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [581]   3000 BC     H3 CRS Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [583] M 3000 BC G2a 1 J1 16069T, 16126C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [584] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [587] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 J1 16069T, 16126C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [588] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [592] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 X2 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [593] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 H1 CRS Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [596] M 3000 BC I2a1 M438, P37.2; Iiv in table 3 H1 16269G Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [600] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 H3 CRS Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [603]   3000 BC     H1 CRS Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [604] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 K1a 16224C, 16311C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [609]   3000 BC     HV0 16298C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [611] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 U5b1c 16189C, 16192T, 16270T, 16311C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [612] M 3000 BC G2a 1 J1 16069T, 16126C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [614] F 3000 BC     K1a 16224C, 16311C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [615] M 3000 BC G2a Giii in table 3 X2 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [616] M 3000 BC G2a P15; Giii intable 3 J1 16069T, 16126C Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [636] M 3000 BC G2a P15; 1 X2 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Lacan 2011
Treilles France Treilles, Aveyron [637]   3000 BC     V 16298C Lacan 2011
  Spain Santimamiñe cave, Basque Country [S11]   Late Neolithic     H1 3010A Lacan 2011c
  Spain Santimamiñe cave, Basque Country [S12]   Late Neolithic         Lacan 2011c
Megalith France Dolmen of La Pierre Fritte, Villeneuve-sur-Yonne [LPF 27 M 2750-2725BC I2a1 Predicted by STR K 16224C, 16311C Lacan 2011c
Megalith France Dolmen of La Pierre Fritte, Villeneuve-sur-Yonne [LPF 36] M 2750-2725BC I2a1 Predicted by STR K1a 16093C, 16224C, 16311C Lacan 2011c
            1. Haplotype incomplete, but consistent with Giii in table 3

2. Haplotype incomplete, but consistent with Iiv in table 3.

Copper Age / Chalcolithic

Funnel Beaker sites are classed as Copper Age here, though described as Neolithic in Malmstrom. Ostorf is described as a Mesolithic enclave surrounded by Funnel Beaker sites (Bramanti). It is placed here because of probable genetic input from Funnel Beaker.

Bell Beaker is classed here as Copper Age, though described as Neolithic in Melchior and Late Neolithic in Lee.

Ubaid Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq E [23:11 and 24:3] F + ? 5000-4500BC     H3a 2 samples of 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C Özbal 2010
  Israel Wadi el‐Makkukh [WM27] M 4490-4335BC     U3a 16343G, 16390A Salamon 2010
  Israel Wadi el‐Makkukh [WM28] M 4460-4365BC     H? 263G, 309.1C Salamon 2010
  Israel Wadi el‐Makkukh [WM30] M 4240-4065BC     H6 16311C, 16362C, 16482G Salamon 2010
  Israel Wadi el‐Makkukh [CW] M 3765‐3650 BC     H? 263G, 309.1C, 309.2C, 309.3C, 315.1C Salamon 2010
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut2]   4000-3000BC     U2e 16129C, 16189C Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut12, Ut16]   4000-3000BC     U2e 2 samples of 16129C, 16189C, 16246G Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut3]   4000-3000BC     D 16223T, 16362C Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut4, Ut7, Ut16, Ut37]   4000-3000BC     C 4 samples of 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut5, Ut38]   4000-3000BC     A 2 samples of 16148T, 16223T, 16227C, 16290T, 16311C, 16319A Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut9]   4000-3000BC     U5a1 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut14]   4000-3000BC     U5a1 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16318 Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut19]   4000-3000BC     U4 16356C Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut31, Ut32]   4000-3000BC     Z 2 samples of 16185T, 16223T, 16260T, 16298C, 16300G Molodin 2012
Ust-Tartas Russia Sopka [Ut33, Ut34]   4000-3000BC     Z 2 samples of 16185T, 16223T, 16260T, 16298C, 16298C Molodin 2012
Funnel Beaker Sweden Frälsegården, Gokhem [Ste 7]   3500-2500BC     T2b 16126C, 16294T 16304C, reported as T Malmstrom 2009
Funnel Beaker Sweden Frälsegården, Gokhem [Ste 9]   3500-2500BC     J 16069T, 16126C 16278T Malmstrom 2009
Funnel Beaker Sweden Frälsegården, Gokhem  [Gok 4]   3500-2500BC     H CRS Malmstrom 2009;Skoglund 2012
Funnel Beaker Germany Panker [KI056]   3200 - 2800BC     H1 263G, 16263C Lee 2012a
  Italy Ötztal Alps [Otzi] M 3350-3100BC G2a1b2 L91 K1f 263G, 8137T, 1189C, 1811G, 9055A, 9698C, 14167T, 16224C, 16311C, 16362C, reported as K1ö.

Mitosearch: 4q6ja

Rollo 2006;Ermini 2008;Endicott 2009;
Keller 2012
  Portugal Cova da Moura [CM 183*]   3400 BC     H CRS, -7025 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Cova da Moura [CM 187]   3400 BC     X2b 16189C, 16223T, 16278T, +14465 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Cova da Moura [CM 194 ]   3400 BC     H 16111T, 16129A, +7025 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Cova da Moura [CM 202]   3400 BC     U5 or HV2 16217C, 16270A Afonso 2010
  Portugal Dólmen do Ansião [DEA 50*]   3300 BC     H or U4 16356C Afonso 2010
Forager/FB Germany Ostorf [SK28a] M 3200 BC     K 16224C, 16311C Bramanti 2009
Forager/FB Germany Ostorf [SK8d] M 3200 BC     U5 16270T, +12308 HinfI, +7028 AluI Bramanti 2009
Forager/FB Germany Ostorf [SK35] F 3100 BC     U5 16270T, +12308 HinfI, +7028 AluI Bramanti 2009
Forager/FB Germany Ostorf [SK12a, SK18] M 3000 BC     T2e 2 samples 16093, 16126C, 16153A, 16294T Bramanti 2009
Forager/FB Germany Ostorf [SK45a] ? 3000 BC     J 16069T, 16126C Bramanti 2009
Forager/FB Germany Ostorf [SK19] M 2950 BC     U5a 16168T, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16302G, +12308, HinfI +7028 AluI Bramanti 2009
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 13297]   3000 BC     H or HV* CRS, -12308, -11719 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 13514]   3000 BC     HV* or L3*/N* 16223T, 16278T, 16311C Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 13622]   3000 BC     U CRS, +7025 +12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 14638]   3000 BC     U5b2* 16192T, 16217C, 16270A, +12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 14714]   3000 BC     H CRS, -7025, -12308, -11719 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 15079]   3000 BC     U4 16356C, +7025, +12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 15986]   3000 BC     H 16270T, -7025, -12308, -11719 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 17334]   3000 BC     H 16147T, -12308, -11719 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PM 17480]   3000 BC     H, HV* or R0 CRS, -12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PMII 527, 542]   3000 BC     H 2 samples 16183C, 16189C, -7025 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PMII 556]   3000 BC     H CRS, -7025 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Paimogo [PMII 591]   3000 BC     H 16292G, -7025, -11719 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 169.23*]   3000 BC     H, HV* or R0 CRS, -12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 176.1]   3000 BC     H 16294T, 16304C, -7025, -12308, -11719 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 206.4*]   3000 BC     H CRS, -7025. Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI282.3.1]   3000 BC     H or V 16256T, -12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 288.5]   3000 BC     H 16256T, -7025 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 337*]   3000 BC     H 16356C, -7025 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 384.11*]   3000 BC     H 16311C, 16354T, -12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 386.37 ]   3000 BC     U5a1 16256T, 16270T, 16274A Afonso 2010
  Portugal Monte Canelas [MCI 435.3]   3000 BC     H 16093C, -7025 Afonso 2010
Corded Ware Poland Jagodno, Wroclaw [1] M 2800 BC G?       Gworys 2013
Corded Ware Poland Jagodno, Wroclaw [2] M 2800 BC J or I?       Gworys 2013
  Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia   2790-2100BC     H 9 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia   2790-2100BC     J 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia   2790-2100BC     K 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia   2790-2100BC     U 3 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Pico Ramos, Bizkaia   2790-2100BC     T or X 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Longar, Nafarroa   2580-2450BC     H 11 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Longar, Nafarroa   2580-2450BC     K 6 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Longar, Nafarroa   2580-2450BC     U 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Longar, Nafarroa   2580-2450BC     T or X 4 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Portugal Sao Paulo [SP 5730, 8001, 18248]   2500 BC     H 3 samples CRS, -7025. Afonso 2010
  Portugal Sao Paulo [SP 9222*]   2500 BC     H, HV* or R0 CRS, -12308 Afonso 2010
  Portugal Sao Paulo [SP 18861]   2500 BC     H CRS, -7025, -11719, -12308 Afonso 2010
  Spain Nerja, Málaga [NE-NAP]   2260 BC     H11a or L1b 16129A, 16264T, 16270T, 16278T, 16293G, 16311C Fernández 2005
  Spain Abauntz, Navarra [ABb1.1] M? 2240 BC     H? CRS Fernández 2005
  Spain Abauntz, Navarra [AB23C]   2240 BC     R or H? 16126C, 16311C Fernández 2005
  Spain Abauntz, Navarra [AB25E]   2240 BC     H14? 16256T Fernández 2005
Corded Ware Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXII 1] F 2700-2400BC     H rCRS Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 13] M 2700-2400BC     H 16362C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 15]   2700-2400BC     H6a1a T239C, G3915A, A4727G, G9380A, T11253C, T16362C, A16482G, C16519T Brotherton 2013
Corded Ware Germany Benzingerode-Heimburg [BZH6]   2700-2400BC     H1_TBD G3010A, A8149G, A9377G, T9467C, A13671G, T14319C, T16189C! Brotherton 2013
Corded Ware Germany Alberstedt [ALB 3 ] F 2700-2400BC     HV 16311C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 20 and 25]   2700-2400BC     J 2 samples 16069T, 16126C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 14]   2700-2400BC     K 16224C, 16311C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 26]   2700-2400BC     T2 16126C, 16294T, 16324C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 11] M 2700-2400BC     U4 16356C, 16362C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 5 and 19]   2700-2400BC     U5a 2 samples of 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 17]   2700-2400BC     U5a1 16256T, 16270T, 16399G Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 16]   2700-2400BC     W6 16192T, 16223T, 16292T, 16325C Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Esperstedt [ESP 22]   2700-2400BC     X 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Adler 2012
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [98-7] F 2600 BC     H 16093C, 16221T Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [90-5] F 2600 BC     I 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [93-13] ? 2600 BC     K1a2 16145A, 16224C, 16311C Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [99-1] F 2600 BC     K1b 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [99-2 and 4] M 2600 BC R1a1 SRY10831.2 
Y-Search2C46S
K1b Siblings, children of 99-1 and 99 -3.
16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A
Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [99-3] M 2600 BC R1a1 SRY10831.2 
Y-Search2C46S
U5b 16189C, 16192T, 16270T Haak 2008
Corded Ware Germany Eulau [98-9 and 10] M + F 2600 BC     X2 Siblings in same grave. 
73G, 153G, 195C, 225A, 226C, 263G, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T
Haak 2008
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [1, 18/13] M + F 2500 BC     J1c 2 samples 73G, 185A, 228A, 263G, 295T, 315.1C, 12612. 16069T, 16126C Warnberg 2012
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [2] F 2500 BC     T2b 133681, 6126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Warnberg 2012
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [3] F 2500 BC     K 73G, 195C, 263G, 315.1C, 10550, 16224C, 16311C Warnberg 2012
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [8, 9, 15/4] M + F 2500 BC     H11a 3 samples 152C, 195C, 263G, 309.1C, 309.2C, 315.1C, 7028, 16293G, 16311C, reported as H Warnberg 2012
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [11/7]   2500 BC     U2e1 11467, 16051G, 16129C, 16183C, 16189C, 16362C Warnberg 2012
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [16/10] M 2500 BC     H 7028, 16189C. Warnberg 2012
Corded Ware Switzerland Spreitenbach-Moosweg [17/5] F 2500 BC     J2b1a 12612, 16069T, 16126C, 16193T, 16278T Warnberg 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Kromsdorf [grave 3] M 2600–2500 BC     U2e 16051G, 16092C, 16129C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189C, 16362C, 73G, 152C, 263G Lee 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Kromsdorf [grave 4a] F 2600–2500 BC     W5a 16223T, 16292T, 16362C, 73G, 189G, 194T, 195C, 204C, 207A, 263G Lee 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Kromsdorf [grave 5] M 2600–2500 BC R1b1b2 M343, M269, (x S21/U106) I1a1 16129A, 16172C, 16223T, 16311C, 16391A, 73G, 199C, 203A, 204C, 250C, 263G, reported as I1. Lee 2012; Oliveiri 2013.

 

 

Bell Beaker Germany Kromsdorf [grave 8] M 2600–2500 BC R1b M343 (M269 unclear) K1 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A, 73G, 152C, 195C, 263G Lee 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Kromsdorf [grave 9a] F 2600–2500 BC     U5a1 16256T, 16270T, 16399G, 73G, 73G, 152C, 263G Lee 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Kromsdorf [grave 9b] M 2600–2500 BC     T1a 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16294T, 195C, 263G Lee 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXII 1 and 2]   2500-2050BC     H4a1 2 samples C3992T, A4024G, T5004C, G9123A, C14365T, A14582G, C16519T Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Bell Beaker Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXII 3]   2500-2050BC     H13a1a2c C2259T, A4745G, G9025A, A13542G, C13680T, C14872T, C16519T Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Bell Beaker Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXII 6]   2500-2050BC     H rCRS Adler 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Quedlinburg [QLB26a and 28b]   2500-2050BC     H1 2 samples 28bG3010A Brotherton 2013
Bell Beaker Germany Alberstedt [ALB 2] M 2500-2050BC     H rCRS Adler 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Alberstedt [ALB 1]   2500-2050BC     H3b A2581G, T6776C Brotherton 2013
Bell Beaker Germany Rothenschirmbach [ROT 1]   2500-2050BC     H3 16256T Adler 2012
Bell Beaker Germany Rothenschirmbach [ROT 2 and 6] F 2500-2050BC     H5a3 2 samples of C456T, G513A, T4336C, G15884A, T16304C, C16519T Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Bell Beaker Germany Benzingerode-Heimburg [BZH4]   2500–2050 BC     H1e7 G3010A, G5460A, A15220G, A15401G, A16293G Brotherton 2013
Bell Beaker Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXII 4]   2500-2050BC     J C16069T, T16126C Adler 2012
Bell Beaker Denmark Damsbo [D1]   2200 BC     U4 7028T, 12308G, 16356C Melchior 2010
Bell Beaker Denmark Damsbo [D2]   2200 BC     U5a2a? 7028T, 12308G, 16114A, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T, reported as U5a Melchior 2010
  Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-3]   2130 BC     L2 16261T, 16278T, 16294T, 16309G Fernández 2005
  Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-6]   2130 BC     H or K 16224C Fernández 2005
  Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-8]   2130 BC     R or H? 16126C, 16311C Fernández 2005
  Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-11]   2130 BC       16261T, 16278T, 16294T, 16309G Fernández 2005
  Spain Tres Montes, Navarra [TM-18]   2130 BC     L2 16261T, 16278T 16294T, 16309G Fernández 2005
  Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [COST1]         H 16293R [in 2008 study] Fernández 2006Gamba 2008Oliver 2008
  Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [COST3]         R? 16223Y [in 2008 study], reported as L3a? Fernández 2006; Gamba 2008; Oliver 2008
  Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [COST4, COST5, 3COST4]         H or U 3 samples CRS Fernández 2006; Gamba 2008
  Spain Costa Lloguera, Castellon de la Plana [3COST1, 3COST3]         H or RO 2 samples 16362C Fernández 2006
  Spain Malpaso cave, Castellnovo (Castellon) [1MP1]         D 16223T, 16325C, 16362C Gamba 2008
  Spain Malpaso cave [4MP12]         V 16298C Gamba 2008
  Spain Malpaso cave [2MP4]         H20? (reported as L3?) 16218T, 16223T Gamba 2008
  Spain Jovellus sepulchre, Benicassim (Castellon) [1JO1]         H20? (reported as L3?) 16218Y, 16223Y Gamba 2008
  Spain Assud de Villareal 2nd sepulchre, Almassora (Castellon) [1AV1]         H20? (reported as L3?) 16218Y, 16223Y Gamba 2008

Bronze Age

Sumerian Syria Mari [1]   2900-2700BC     H14a 16256T, 16297C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [2]   2900-2700BC     U4 16356C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [5]   2900-2700BC     U4a2b 16223T, 16356C Fernández 2005
Amorite? Syria Terqa (Tell Ashara), Middle Euphrates Valley [TQ 28 F250] F 2650–2450 BC     K 16224C, 16311C Tomczyk 2010
  Syria Terqa [TQ 28F 112] M 2650–2450 BC     M49 16223T, 16234T Witas 2013
Sumerian Syria Mari [10]   2550 BC     R 16223T Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [11]   2550 BC     J1a1 16126C, 16145A, 16231C, 16356C Fernández 2005
Sumerian Syria Mari [12]   2550 BC     L2a1 16223T, 16256T, 16261T, 16278T, 16294T, 16309G Fernández 2005
  Syria Terqa [TQ 28F 256] M 2200–1900 BC     M61 16223T, 16234T, 16270T Witas 2013
  Turkey Titriş Höyük [TH6070, TH6075, TH11704, TH60214, TH63203, TH63218, TH80076, TH80078, TH80080, TH80086] 4 F, 3 M + 3 child 2300-2100BC     H? 10 samples of CRS Matney 2010
  Turkey Titriş Höyük [TH14110] F 2300-2100BC     ? 16278 Matney 2010
  Turkey Titriş Höyük [TH80088] M 2300-2100BC     ? 16139 Matney 2010
Thracian Romania South East [1BA]   2100-1200BC     H17 16129C Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [5BA]   2100-1200BC     ? 16186T, 16189C 16299T Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [7BA]   2100-1200BC     ? 16129A, 16223T Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [8BA]   2100-1200BC     H22? 16145A Cardos 2004
Thracian Romania South East [9BA]   2100-1200BC     HV? 16311C Cardos 2004
Unetice Germany Benzingerode-Heimburg [BZH1]   2200-1575BC     H11a T195C!, T961g, T8448C, (G13759A), A16293G, T16311C!, C16519T Brotherton 2013
Unetice Germany Benzingerode-Heimburg [BZH8]   2200-1575BC     H2a1a3 G951A, G1438A, G4769A, C6173T, T13095C, A16240t, C16354T, C16519T Brotherton 2013
Unetice Germany Benzingerode-Heimburg [BZH14]   2200-1575BC     H82a T195C!, A16220G Brotherton 2013
Unetice Germany Eulau [EUL41a]   2200-1575BC     H4a1a1a5 A73G!, C3992T, A4024G, T5004C, G8269A, G9123A, A10044G, C13545T, C14365T, A14582G, C16519 Brotherton 2013
Unetice Germany Eulau [EUL57B]   2200-1575BC     H3 T152C!, T6776C Brotherton 2013
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEVIII 4]   2050-1800BC     H7h A4793G, G16213A Adler 2012;Brotherton 2013
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 2 and 29]   2050-1800BC     I 2 samples of 16086C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 6]   2050-1800BC     I1 16129A, 16223T, 16278T, 16311C, 16391A Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEVIII 3] M 2050-1800BC     T1 T16126C, A16163G, C16186T, T16189C, C16294T Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXIV 1] F 2050-1800BC     T2 T16126C, 16292T, 16294T Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 27] F 2050-1800BC     T2 T16126C, 16292T, 16294T Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 18] M 2050-1800BC     T2b T16126C, 16292T, 16294T, 16304C Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEVIII 6] F 2050-1800BC     U T16189C Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEVIII 2] F 2050-1800BC     U2 A16126C, A16163G, G16129c, A16183c, T16189C, T16362C Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 3]   2050-1800BC     U5a1 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16399G Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEVIII 5]   2050-1800BC     U5a1a 16256T, 16270T, a16399G Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Quedlinburg [QUEXII 7] F 2050-1800BC     U5a1a C16192T, C16222T, C16256T, C16270T, a16399G Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 9] M 2050-1800BC     U5b 16189C, 16192T, 16270T Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 4] M 2050-1800BC     W 16147G, 16223T, 16292T Adler 2012
Unetice Germany Esperstedt [ESP 12] F 2050-1800BC     X 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Adler 2012
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos cave, Lassithi plateau, Crete [6AH]   4400–3700 BP     H 16266T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [7AH]   4400–3700 BP     H 2706A, (no 16519) Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [16AH, 17AH, 18AH, 20H]   4400–3700 BP     H 4 samples 2706A Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [7H]   4400–3700 BP     H 2706A, 16290T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [8H]   4400–3700 BP     H 2706A, 16172C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#11]   4400–3700 BP     H 16290T, 16304C, 16519T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [9AH]   4400–3700 BP     H5 2706A, 16304C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [12 AH]   4400–3700 BP     H7 2706G Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [2AH]   4400–3700 BP     H13a1a 14766C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [1AH]   4400–3700 BP     HV 14766C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [24H]   4400–3700 BP     HV 11719A, 14766C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#6]   4400–3700 BP     HV 2706G, 7028T, 11719A, 14766C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#12]   4400–3700 BP     I5 16129A, 16148T, 16186T, 16223T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#13]   4400–3700 BP     I5 199T, 250C, 16129A, 16148T, 16223T, 16391A Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#17]   4400–3700 BP     I5 10034C, 16129A, 16148T, 16186T, 16223T, 16391A Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [26H]   4400–3700 BP     J2 13708A, 16069T, 16126C, 16232T, 16291T, 16293C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [11AH]   4400–3700 BP     K 12372A, 16111T, 16185T, 16224C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [15AH]   4400–3700 BP     K 3480G, 14167T, 16111T, 16185T, 16224C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [11AH]   4400–3700 BP     K 12372A, 16111T, 16185T, 16224C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#14]   4400–3700 BP     K 12372A, 16111T, 16224C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#21]   4400–3700 BP     K 11467G, 12308G, 16224C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#22]   4400–3700 BP     K 10550G, 11299C, 11467G, 12308G, 16224C, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#7]   4400–3700 BP     R0 73A, 2706G, 7028T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [18AH]   4400–3700 BP     T 1888A, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [9H]   4400–3700 BP     T1 10463C, 15928A, 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16263C,16294T, 16296T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [3AH]   4400–3700 BP     T2 4917G, 10463C, (no 15607), 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [10AH]   4400–3700 BP     T2 14905A, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#19]   4400–3700 BP     T2 13368A, 16089A, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#23]   4400–3700 BP     T3 4917G, 11251G, 15607G, 15928A, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16339T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [21H]   4400–3700 BP     T5 10463C, 13368A, 15607G, 15298A, 16126C, 16153A, 16240A→C, 16294T, 16296T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#4]   4400–3700 BP     U 16182A→C, 16183A→C, 16189C, 16234T, 16290T, 16324C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [4H]   4400–3700 BP     U5a 12308G, 12372A, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16311C Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [6H]   4400–3700 BP     W 204C, 207A, 15884C, 16093C, 16223T, 16243C, 16292T Hughey 2013
Minoan Greece Ayios Charalambos [#8]   4400–3700 BP     X 153G, 14470C, 16145A, 16179T, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T, 16332T, 16344T, 16362C Hughey 2013
Tocharian? China Urumchi, Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Autonomous Region   2000 BC     H   Mallory and Mair 2000;Francalacci 1995
Tocharian? China Xiaohe (Small River) Cemetery, Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Autonomous Region [100, 102] F 1980±40 BC     C4 2 samples 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [106] M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [107] 
Nut-brown hair
F 1980±40 BC     C4 16223, 16298C 16309, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian?

China

Xiaohe, Xinjiang [109]
Light brown hair
F 1980±40 BC     C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [110]
Brown hair
F 1980±40 BC     C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [111] 
Brown hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16223, 16298C 16309, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [115]
Brown black hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [117] F 1980±40 BC     M* 16223, 16304 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [119]
Light brown hair
F 1980±40 BC     K 1693, 16134T, 16224, 16311, 16390 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [120]
Brown-black hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 R* 16189, 16192, 16311 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [121] M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 R* 16183, 16189, 16192 16311 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [127] F 1980±40 BC     C4 16223, 16298C, 16309, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [128] 
Brown-black hair
F 1980±40 BC     H 16260T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [131]
Nut-brown hair
F 1980±40 BC     R* 16189, 16192, 16311 16390 Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [132]
Nut-brown hair
F 1980±40 BC     C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [135] 
Black hair
F 1980±40 BC     C4 16223, 16298C 16309, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [136]
Nut-brown hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [138]
Brown-black hair
F 1980±40 BC     C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Tocharian? China Xiaohe, Xinjiang [139]
Brown hair
M 1980±40 BC R1a1a M89 M9 M45 M173 M198 C4 16298C, 16327T Li 2010
Kurgan Ukraine           C Three samples Newton 2011
Andronovo Russia Tatarka cemetery, burial 64 Charypovsky region [S07]
Brown eyes; dark brown hair; fair or medium skin
M 1800–1400 BC C (not C3) Ci in table 2 U4 16356C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Tatarka, burial 55 [S08]
Brown eyes
F 1800–1400 BC     Z1 16129A, 16185T, 16223T, 16224C, 16260T, 16298C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa IV, kourgane I, burial 3, Krasnoyarsk region [S09]
Blue or green eyes, blond or light brown hair, fair or medium skin
M 1800–1400 BC     T1 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16294T Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa IV, kourgane I, burial 4 [S10] Brown hair M 1800–1400 BC R1a1 Rii in table 2 U2e 16051G, 16092C, 16129C, 16183C, 16189C, 16362C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa I, burial 4
[S11] Blue or green eyes
F 1800–1400 BC     T2a1b1 16126C, 16294T 16324C, reported as T4. Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa IV, kurgane I, burial 4 [S13] ? 1800–1400 BC     H6 16187T, 16362C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa I, burial 4
Krasnoyarsk region [S14]
Brown eyes, brown hair, fair or medium skin
F 1800–1400 BC     U4 16356C Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Solenoozernaïa I, burial 29
[S15] Blue or green eyes
? 1800–1400 BC     K2b 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A Keyser 2009
Andronovo Russia Oust-Abakansty, chief kurgan, Khakassia republic [S16] Blue or green eyes, blond or light brown hair, fair or medium skin M 1800–1400 BC R1a1 Rii in table 2 U5a1 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Keyser 2009
Nuragic Italy Su Grutta ‘e is Bittuleris, Sardinia   1624 BC     H1aw1 G3010A, A8701G!, C15912T Brotherton 2013
Mycenaen Greece Grave Circle B, Mycenae [55, 58]   1500 BC     K Brother and sister?
16224, 16311
Bouwman 2008
Mycenaen Greece Grave Circle B, Mycenae [Z59]   1500 BC     U5a1/U5a1a 16256, 16266, 16270 Bouwman 2008
Mycenaen Greece Grave Circle B, Mycenae [A62]   1500 BC     H? CRS Bouwman 2008
Karakol Altaï Republic mound 3, Karakol-1, Gorny Altai M 1500 BC     U5 16192, 16256, 16270 Chikisheva 2007
Karakol Altaï Republic mound 3, Karakol, Gorny Altai M 1500 BC     H 16304 Chikisheva 2007
  Altaï Republic Bertek-56, Ukok Plateau M 1500 BC     H? CRS Chikisheva 2007
  Ireland Glencurran Cave   1500 BC     U5    
  Scotland, UK Cladh Hallan, South Uist (tooth composite skeleton) F 1300-1100BC     U5 C16270T Hanna 2012;Kerri Brown
  Scotland, UK Cladh Hallan, South Uist (femur composite skeleton) F 1300-1100BC     T1a C16186T, T16189C Hanna 2012;Kerri Brown
  Scotland, UK Cladh Hallan, South Uist (humerus composite skeleton) F 1300-1100BC     H? CRS Hanna 2012;Kerri Brown
  Denmark Bredtoftegård [Bt1]   1500-1300BC     U4 7028T, 12308G, 16179T, 16356 Melchior 2010
  Spain Urtiaga, Gipuzkoa [URT-1]   1475-1430BC     H? rCRS in HVRI, 73A, reported as H Hervella 2012
  Spain Urtiaga, Gipuzkoa [URT-2]   1475-1430BC     U5a 73G, 16192, 16270 Hervella 2012
  Spain Urratxa, Bizkaia   1475-1405BC     H 2 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Urratxa, Bizkaia   1475-1405BC     J 2 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Spain Urratxa, Bizkaia   1475-1405BC     U 2 samples Izagirre and de la Rúa 1999
  Kazakhstan Oi-Zhaylau-III, Talapty-II   1400-1000BC     T1 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Oi-Zhaylau-III, Talapty-II   1400-1000BC     T1 16093, 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Vodokhranilische (Kourgan 4)   1400-1000BC     HV 16129 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Vodokhranilische (Kourgan 4)   1400-1000BC     I 16129, 16223, 16294 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Vodokhranilische (Kourgan 4)   1400-1000BC     T* 16126, 16288, 16294, 16296 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Ak-Mustafa (Kourgan 2)   1400-1000BC     U5 16187, 16192, 16260, 16270 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Izmaylovka (Kourgan 7,10)   1400-1000BC     H CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Izmaylovka (Kourgan 7,10)   1400-1000BC     U5a1 16192, 16256, 16270, 16311 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Karasuk Russia Oust-Abakansty, kurgan IV, burial 1, Khakassia republic [S18] 
Blue or green eyes
F 1400–800 BC     U5a1 16114A, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T Keyser 2009
Karasuk Russia Bogratsky, burial I
Khakassia republic [S19] 
Blue or green eyes
F 1400–800 BC     U4* 16356C, 16362C Keyser 2009
Nuragic Italy Carbonia, Sardinia [CA02]   1430 BC     H CRS Caramelli 2007Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Carbonia, Sardinia [CA14];   1430 BC     U2 16051G Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE81, SE 84]   1300 BC     H 2 samples CRS Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE13]   1300 BC     U2 16051G Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE01]   1300 BC     H 16126C Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE02]   1300 BC     J 16069T, 16126C, 16192T Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Seulo, Sardinia [SE60]   1300 BC     H 16278T Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [SR38, ST47]   1300-1200BC     H 2 samples CRS Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy

S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST15, ST54]

  1300-1200BC     H or U 2 samples of 16129C Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST08]   1300-1200BC     ? 16223T Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST30]   1300-1200BC     H 16126C Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy S Teresa di Gallura, Sardinia [ST16]   1300-1200BC     H 16311C Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Fluminimaggiore, Sardinia [FL04]   1265 BC     H or U 16129C Caramelli 2007; Ghirotto 2010
  Spain Montanissell Cave, Sant Joan de Montanissell, Lleida, Catalonia [E10]   3260 BP     U5a1c 16192T; 16256T; 16270T; 16320T; 16399G Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E9] F 3240 BP     J/J1c 16069T; 16126C Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E5] F 3200 BP     J/J1c 16069T; 16126C Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E2] M 3190 BP     U CRS, identified as U on coding region Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E7] M 3180 BP     J CRS, partial result, identified as J on coding region Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E8] F 3180 BP     V 16298C Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E1] F 3180 BP     K 16224C; 16311 Simón 2011
  Spain Montanissell Cave [E11] F 3140 BP     J/J1c 16069T; 16126C Simón 2011
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave, near Dorste, Lower Saxony [M1, M2, M7] M 1000 BC I2a2b Ii in table 2;Z5REF in Ysearch H 3 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M3, M6] M 1000 BC I2a2b Iii in table 2 H 2 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield  Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M14] M 1000 BC I2a2b? Iii? in table 2 H   Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M4, M5, M19] M 1000 BC I2a2b Iiii in table 2 H 3 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M8, M16] M 1000 BC I2a2b Ii in table 2;Z5REF in Ysearch U5b 2 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield  Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M10] M 1000 BC R1a1? Ri in table 2 T2?   Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M11] M 1000 BC R1a1? Ri? in table 2 U   Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [M9] M 1000 BC R1b Rbi in table 2 H   Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F1, F12, F13, F19, F20, F21] F 1000 BC     H 6 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F2, F3, M12, M15] F 1000 BC     J* 4 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F14] F 1000 BC     J1b1   Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F5, F6, F10, F16] F 1000 BC     T2 4 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F9, F18] F 1000 BC     U 2 samples Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F15] F 1000 BC     U (2?)   Schilz 2006
Urnfield Germany Lichtenstein Cave [F4, F7, F8] F 1000 BC     U5b 3 samples Schilz 2006
  Spain Macanet cave, Llucena (Castellon) [1MN1]         H CRS Gamba 2008
Nuragic Italy Perdasdefogu, Sardinia [PE11, PE20, PE23]   930 BC     H 3 samples CRS Caramelli 2007Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Perdasdefogu, Sardinia [PE15]   930 BC     V 16129C, 16298C Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
Nuragic Italy Perdasdefogu, Sardinia [PE25]   930 BC     H? 16223T Caramelli 2007 Ghirotto 2010
  Ukraine Verteba Cave [V6]   1,013–544 BC     H 14766 Mse I–, 7025 Alu I–, 16070 Nikitin 2011
  Ukraine Verteba Cave [F3]   969–418 BC     U5a1a 14766 Mse I+, 12308 Hinf I+, 7025 Alu I+, 16256, 16270 Nikitin 2011

Iron Age

Babadag Romania SE near the Black Sea coast [1IA, 2IA]   1000-600BC       2 samples 16262C incomplete sequences Cardos 2004
Babadag Romania SE near the Black Sea coast [5IA]   1000-600BC       CRS incomplete Cardoa 2004
Babadag Romania SE near the Black Sea coast [10IA]   1000-600BC       16192T, 16284C Cardos 2004
  Kazakhstan Zevakinskiy   800-600 BC     H 3 samples CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Zevakinskiy   800-600 BC     U1 16189, 16249 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Zevakinskiy   800-600 BC     W 16223, 16292 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 1,8,9,11,12,23,29)   800-400 BC     G2 16189, 16223, 16278 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 1,8,9,11,12,23,29)   800-400 BC     H CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
Tagar Russia Novosselovsky region, Anach village, kurgan I, burial 3 [S21] 
Blue or green eyes, brown hair, fair or medium skin
? 800 BC–100 AD     T3 16126C, 16189C, 16292T, 16294T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Novosselovsky region, Anach village, kurgan I, burial 4 [S22]
Brown eyes
F 800 BC–100 AD     T3 16126C, 16189C, 16292T, 16294T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Tchernogorsk, burial 1
Khakassia Republic [S23] 
Blue or green eyes
? 800 BC–100 AD     T3 16126C, 16189C, 16292T, 16294T, 16296T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Tchernogorsk, burial 6 [S24] 
Blue or green eyes
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Riii in table 2 I4 16129A, 16223T, 16304C, 16391A Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Oust-Abakansty, Khakassia Republic [S25]
Blue or green eyes
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Riv in table 2 G2a 16093C, 16223T, 16234T, 16288C, 16298C, 16327T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Beysky region, burial 3
Khakassia Republic [S26] Brown eyes, blond or light brown hair, fair or medium skin
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rv in table 2 C 16148T, 16223T, 16234T, 16288C, 16298C, 16327T Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, kurgan 133, burial 3, Khakassia Republic [S27] F 800 BC–100 AD     H or U CRS Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, kurgan 133, burial 3 [S28] 
Watson in Table 3
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rvi in table 2 F1b 16172C,  16179T, 16183C, 16189C,  16232A,  1649C, 604C,  16311C Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, kurgan 133, burial 3 [S29] Blue or green eyes M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rvii in table 2 H  or U CRS Keyser 2009
Tagar Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz II,
burial 1 [S32] Brown eyes
M 800 BC–100 AD R1a1 Rviii in table 2 H5 16304, 16319 Keyser 2009
  China Gavaerk, near Qiemo, Xinjiang [2C] F 800 BC–100 AD     C 16223, 16298, 16327 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [4B] M 800 BC–100 AD     C 16223, 16298, 16309, 16327 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [1E] M 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 10400T, 16223, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [2A] M 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 7028T, 10400T, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [14A] M 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 7028T, 12705T, rCRS in HVI Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [16A] M + F 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 10400T, 16173, 16223. In same grave as 16B Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [16B] M + F 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 7028T, 16173, 12705T, 16223. In same grave as 16A Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [17A] M 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 7028T, 12705T, 16114A, 16223, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [17B] F 800 BC–100 AD     D 5178A, 7028T, 12705T, 16223 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [25C, 25G] M 800 BC–100 AD     D 2 samples in same grave: 5178A, 7028T, 12705T, 16189, 16223, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [4A] F 800 BC–100 AD     D4 3010A, 5178A, 7028T, 12705T, 16223, 16274, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [2G, 11A, 22A] F + 2 M 800 BC–100 AD     F1 3 samples 7028T, 12406A; rCRS in HVI Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [23F] F 800 BC–100 AD     F1 7028T, 12406A, 16114A, 16187, 16192, 16256, 16266, 16304, 16357 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [5D] M 800 BC–100 AD     F1a 7028T, 10400T, 12705T, 16129, 16172, 16293, 16304 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3G, 27] 2 M 800 BC–100 AD     H 16311 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [13] M 800 BC–100 AD     H 16305T, 16311 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [7D] ? 800 BC–100 AD     K 7028T, 9055A, 16224, 16311 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [2E] F 800 BC–100 AD     M* 7028T, 10400T, 12705T, 13263G, 16209, 16223, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [8D, 8F] 2 M 800 BC–100 AD     M* 2 samples in same grave: 7028T, 10400T, 12705T, 16093 Zhang 2010
  China

Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3C]

M 800 BC–100 AD     M10 10400T, 16092, 16193, 16223, 16311, 16357 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [4E, 4G] 2 M 800 BC–100 AD     M13a 2 samples in same grave: 7028T, 10400T, 12705T, 16145, 16148, 16188, 16189, 16223 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3F] M 800 BC–100 AD     N 7028T, 12406G, 12705T; rCRS in HVI Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [25G] F 800 BC–100 AD     T 5178A, 7028T, 12705T, 16126, 16294 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3M] M 800 BC–100 AD     R* 7028T, 16071, 16357 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [3P] F 800 BC–100 AD     R* 7028T, 16223, 16356 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [9D] M 800 BC–100 AD     U 7028T, 12308G, 12705T; rCRS in HVI Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [25F] F 800 BC–100 AD     U2e 7028T, 12308G, 16129C, 16183C, 16362 Zhang 2010
  China Gavaerk, Xinjiang [1A, 1B] M + F 800 BC–100 AD     U4 2 samples in same grave: 7028T, 16134, 16183C, 16189, 16356 Zhang 2010
Nuragic Italy Alghero, Sardinia [AL07]   700 BC     H1? 16189C Caramelli 2007Ghirotto 2010
  Kazakhstan Molaly (Kourgan 14,18,20,25)   700-400 BC     M4 16129, 16174, 16223 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Molaly (Kourgan 14,18,20,25)   700-400 BC     T* 16126, 16294, 16296 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)   700-200 BC     A* 2 samples 16223, 16319, 16362 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)   700-200 BC     A* 16223, 16290, 16319, 16362 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)   700-200 BC     M* 16223, 16286 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)   700-200 BC     H 16266, 16287 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 15)   700-200 BC     U* 16189 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Iberian Spain Puig de la Nau, Benicarlo (Castellon) [PB14, PB20]   700-500 BC     V 2 samples 16293T, 16298C Fernández 2006Arroyo 2006Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Puig de la Nau, Benicarlo (Castellon) [PB18, PB19]   700-500 BC     H 2 samples CRS Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Castellet de Bernabe, Lıria (Valencia) [CB2]         T1 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16250Y, 16294T, 16301Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Los Villares, Caudete de las Fuentes (Castellon) [LV1]         V 16298C Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Torrelo Bonerot, Castellon [TORR1]         W 16223T, 16292Y, 16295Y, 16304Y, 16311Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Torrelo Bonerot,Castellon [TORR2]         W 16223T, 16292Y, 16295Y, 16304Y Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Tossal de Sant Miquel, Lıria (Valencia) [TSM1]         H? CRS Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Tossal de Sant Miquel, Lıria (Valencia) [TSM1]         ? 16224Y, 16234Y, 16311Y, reported as K Gamba 2008
Iberian Spain Mas Castellar (Pontos), Girona, Catalonia [1000012-2] ? 700-100 BC     J* −13704 BstNI, 3010G, 16126, 16189 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Illa d’en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 15112] M 600 BC     U5a 16256, 16270 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Illa d’en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 1070] M 600 BC     H −7025 AluI, 7028C, 16126, 16311, Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Illa d’en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [15091] ? 600 BC     H1 −7025 AluI, 3010A; CRS in HVI Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Illa d’en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 15224] M 600 BC     H 7028C, 3010G, 13708G, 16126 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Illa d’en Reixac (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 15078-1]
Possible decapitation.
M 600 BC     K* 16224, 16311 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14015] ? 535-200 BC     H 16287 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14045] ? 535-200 BC     U4 7028T, 12308G, 3010G, 16356 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [N.I. 3967 + 1401] ? +M 535-200 BC     H 2 samples 7028C, 3010G, 13708G, 16126 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14020] ? 535-200 BC     T 16126, 16294 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [T.C. 4 E I-II] ? 535-200 BC     H1 −7025 AluI, 3010A, 16126 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14015-1] M 535-200 BC     R0 16362 7028T, 14766C. Recorded as Pre-HV Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [UE 14119] ? 535-200 BC
 
    H 16273 −7025 AluI Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [2002 Z13] ? 535-200 BC
 
    U5* 16270 16281 Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [3613] M 535-200 BC     H 16126, 16311, −7025 AluI, 7028C, 3010G, 13708G Sampietro 2005
Iberian Spain Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret), Girona, Catalonia [3615] M 535-200 BC     J* 16126, 13708A, 7028T Sampietro 2005
  Italy Latsch, South Tyrol   500 BC     H90   Brotherton 2013
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD1]   400-300 BC     F1b 16189C, 16232A, 16249, 16304C, 16311C Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD2]   400-300 BC     C 16223T, 16258G, 16298c, 16327T Der Sarkissian 2011
Sarmatian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD3]         U7 16256T, 16318T Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD5]   600-400 BC     U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16263C, 16270T, 16399G Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD6, RD11]         T1a 2 samples 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16294T Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD7]   600-500 BC     T2 16078G, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD8]   500-300 BC     A4 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD9]         H rCRS Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD10]         H2a1 16354T Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD12]         U2e 16051G, 16129C, 16189C, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD13]   400-300 BC     D 16223T, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD14, RD15]   500-200 BC     I3 2 samples 16086C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD16]   400-200 BC     U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16311C Der Sarkissian 2011
Scythian Russia Rostov-on-Don [RD17]   400-300 BC     D4b1 16223T, 16239T, 16243C, 16319A, 16362C Der Sarkissian 2011
Donghu China Jinggouzi, Inner Mongolia   500 BC C* 12 males

M216

D, D4, D5, G2, C and M10 26 samples in all of which 13 were D4, 5 were G2, 5 were C and the rest were single examples. Wang 2012
  Kazakhstan Solyanka II (Kourgan 2,3)   500-0 BC     H 16150,  16189 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Solyanka II (Kourgan 2,3)   500-0 BC     HV 16129 Lalueza-Fox 2004
  Kazakhstan Solyanka II (Kourgan 2,3)   500-0 BC     U* 16311 Lalueza-Fox 2004
Sargat Russia Sopinsky, kurgan burial   500 BC-500 AD     T1 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16243C, 16249T Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Sopinsky, flat grave burial   500 BC-500 AD     Z 16129A, 16185T, 16215G, 16223T, 16224Y, 16260T, 16298C Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Kurtuguz I [K2]   500 BC-500 AD     A 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16335G Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Kurtuguz I [K3T]   500 BC-500 AD     C 16223T,16298C, 16327T Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Sargat Russia Kurtuguz I [K3R]   500 BC-500 AD     Z 16093C, 16185T,16223T, 16260T, 16298C Bennett and Kaestle 2010
Scytho-Siberian Altaï Republic Kizil M 500 BC     N1a 16147A, 16172C, 16223T, 16248T,  16355T Ricaut 2004a
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Sebÿstei Valley [SEB 96 K1] M 450 BC     F2a 16093C 16203G 16231C 16291T 16304C  Ricaut 2004c
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Sebÿstei Valley [SEB 96K2] M 450 BC R1a1   D? 16093C 16129A 16173T 16223T 16319A 16362C Ricaut 2004c;Keyser 2009
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Ak-Alakha-5, mound 5, Ukok Plateau M 400-200 BC     A 16223, 16242, 16290, 16319 Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan [TSK07.T1] M       A 16093, 16223, 16242, 16278, 16290, 16311, 16319 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Ak-Alakha-1, mound 1, burial 2, Ukok Plateau F 400-200 BC     C 16093, 16129, 16223, 16298, 16327 Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG06.T13] M       C 16093, 16129, 16223, 16298, 16327, 16362 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Ak-Alakha-5, mound 3, burial 1, Ukok Plateau M 400-200 BC     D 16223, 16239, 16319, 16362 Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Moinak-2, mound 2, burial 1, Ukok Plateau M 400-200 BC     D 16223, 16311, 16316, 16362 Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG05.T1]         D 16223, 16319, 16362 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG05.T8.3, BTG06.T8]         D 2 samples 16223, 16239, 16243, 16319, 16362 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan [TSK07.T2A]         G2 16223, 16227, 16278, 16362 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Kuturguntas-1, mound 1, Ukok Plateau M 400-200 BC     H? CRS Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Ulandryk-1, mound 14, burial 2, Ulandryk valley M 400-200 BC     H? CRS Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Olon-Kurin-Gol Valley cemetery 6 [OKG-6-2, 3] F + inf 400-200 BC     HV2 2 samples in same grave of 16217C, 00072C, 00073G, 00152C, +7025 HinfI, -14766 MseI Pilipenko 2010
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG06.T10A] M       HV6 16172, 16311 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG06.T3]         J 16069, 16126 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG05.T2, BTG06.T11A, BTG06.T11B]         K 3 samples 16093, 16224, 16311, 16319 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan [TSK07.T2B] M       T1 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altaï Republic Ak-Alakha-5, mound 4, burial 1, Ukok Plateau M 400-200 BC     U5 or J 16129, 16182C, 16183C, 16189, 16362 Chikisheva 2007
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Olon-Kurin-Gol Valley cemetery 10 [OKG-10-1] M 400-200 BC     U5a1 16086C, 16189C, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16304C, 16399G, 00073G, +12308 HinfI. Pilipenko 2010
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Altai Republic Verkh-Kaldzhin II M       U5a1 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16304C Pilipenko 2010 from Molodin 2003
Scytho-Siberian
Pazyryk culture
Mongolia Baga Turgen Gol [BTG05.T8.1, BTG06.T12]         U5a1 2 samples 16192, 16256, 16270, 16304, 16399 Gonzalez-Ruiz 2012
Saka Kazakhstan Berel M 300-350 BC       CRS Clisson 2002
Saka Kazakhstan Berel F 300-350 BC     X or D? 16223T, 16362C Clisson 2002
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu

Mongolia

Egyin Gol Valley [EG68] F 300 BC-200 AD     D4o1? 16223T, 16239T, 16243C, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003,Keyser-Tracqui 2006;Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG83 bis, EG91] Inf 300 BC-200 AD     D4o1 Two samples 16179T, 16192T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG93] F 300 BC-200 AD     D4o1 16223T, 16290T, 16293C, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG35, EG36, EG37A] F, F,

Inf

300 BC-200 AD     D4o1 Three samples 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG63] F 300 BC-200 AD     D4o1 16183G, 16189C, 16223T, 16274A, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG84.1] M 300 BC-200 AD     B4b 16086C, 16136C, 16183C, 16189C, 16217C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG39] F 300 BC-200 AD     C4a1? 16093Y, 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T. Reported as C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG49] F 300 BC-200 AD     C 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu

Mongolia

Egyin Gol Valley [EG50] M 300 BC-200 AD     C 16223T, 16291T, 16298C, 16327T, Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG56] F 300 BC-200 AD     C 16223T, 16239T, 16298C, 16300G, 16327T, 16357C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG47] M 300 BC-200 AD     C5 16093C, 16223T, 16288C, 16298C, 16327T. Reported as C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG66] F 300 BC-200 AD     C 16093C, 16129A, 16213A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG61] M 300 BC-200 AD     D4 16223T, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG41] M 300 BC-200 AD     D4 16082Y, 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG65, EG77] M + F 300 BC-200 AD     D4 2 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG32A, EG72] M 300 BC-200 AD     D4 2 samples of 16093C, 16223T, 16254T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG48] F 300 BC-200 AD     D4 16223T, 16362C, 16368C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG46, EG52, EG54, EG57] M 300 BC-200 AD     D4 4 samples of 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG28, EG73, EG74] 2 M + Inf 300 BC-200 AD     D4 3 samples of 16223T, 16232T, 16290T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG88, EG94] M 300 BC-200 AD     D4 2 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG70] M 300 BC-200 AD C RPS4Y 
YSearch: A58E5
D4 16223T, 16274A, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010; Petkovski 2006
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG53, EG69] M 300 BC-200 AD     D5 / D5a 2 samples of 16092C, 16189C, 16223T, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG82, EG83] F + Inf 300 BC-200 AD     F1b 2 samples of 16093C, 16183C, 16189C, 16304C, Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG58, EG59] M F 300 BC-200 AD     F1b 2 samples of 16183C, 16189C, 16232A, 16249C, 16304C, 16311C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG25A] M 300 BC-200 AD     G2a 16223T, 16227G, 16278T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG27] M 300 BC-200 AD     J1 16069T, 16092C, 16129C, 16261T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG18A] M 300 BC-200 AD     J1 16069T, 16092C, 16129C, 16261Y Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG92] M 300 BC-200 AD     M 16066G, 16223T, 16311C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG90] F 300 BC-200 AD     M 16129A, 16223T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG95] M 300 BC-200 AD     U2 16129C, 16183C, 16193iC, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG76, EG86] F 300 BC-200 AD     U5a 2 samples of 16256T, 16270T, 16365T. Reported as U5a1a Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG19] M 300 BC-200 AD N3 M242 C, TAT C, RPS4Y C     Petkovski 2006
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG112] M 300 BC-200 AD Q M242 T, TAT T, RPS4Y C     Petkovski 2006
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX3] M 300- 100 BC R1a1a; [reported as R1a1] M173 SRY10831.2

M17

U2e1 73, 152, 217, 263, 3151C, 340, 12308, 12372, 15907, 16051, 16093, 16129C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189, 16362 Kim 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX4] F 300BC–100AD     D4 73, 263, 3091C, 3151C, 3010, 5178A, 16223, 16362 Kim 2010
Przeworsk Poland Gąski [23234]   200 BC-100AD     H5 7028C 16129A, 16304C, reported as H Juras 2012
Przeworsk Poland Gąski [58]   200 BC-100AD     U5a 16256T, 16263C, 16270T Juras 2012
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX2] M 100BC–100AD C3 RPS4Y711; M217 D4 73, 263, 3091C, 3151C, 3010, 5178A, 16223, 16311, 16362 Kim 2010
  Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B4 and B6] M 0 BC/AD     H 2 samples 7028C CRS Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B1] F 0 BC/AD     I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B5] F 0 BC/AD     I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16304C, 16391A Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B2] M 0 BC/AD     R0a 7028T, 16126C, 16355T, 16362C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B3] M 0 BC/AD     U2e 7028T, 12308G, 16129C, 16183C, 16189C, 16362C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Bøgebjerggård [B7] M 0 BC/AD     U5b1 7028T, 12308G, 16074G, 16189C, 16192T, 16249C, 16270T Melchior 2008a
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC2 T1] F 0-100 AD     H or V? CRS Adult with tuberculosis in niche SC2 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC2 T2] ? 0-100 AD     H or V? CRS Infant with tuberculosis in niche SC2 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC2 T3] ? 0-100 AD     H 16354T Infant with tuberculosis in niche SC2 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC17] ? 0-100 AD     H or J1 16261T, 16354T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC4] M 0-100 AD     W? 16292T. Reported as T3 Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC7 F] F 0-100 AD     W? 16292T. Reported as T3. Juvenile Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC7 ?] ? 0-100 AD     W?

16292T. Reported as T3

Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC7 M] M 0-100 AD     W 16223T, 16292T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC17 F] F 0-100 AD     W 16223T, 16292T Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC1] M 0-100 AD       16231C, 16261T

Had tuberculosis and leprosy. Shroud 50 BCE -16 CE

Matheson 2009
Jewish Israel Tomb of the Shroud, Akeldama, Jerusalem [SC9] M 0-100 AD       16346C, 16363G Matheson 2009
Wielbark Poland Kowalewko [267]   0-300 AD     H5 7028C, 16304C, reported as H Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Kowalewko [site 12, no. 1]   0-300 AD     H 7028C, CRS Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Kowalewko [466, 188]   0-300 AD     W 2 samples 8251A, 16223T, 16292T Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Kowalewko [189]   0-300 AD     W 8251A, 16192T, 16223T, 16292T Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Kowalewko [314]   0-300 AD     U5b 7768G 16192T, 16270T Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Kowalewko [502]   0-300 AD     U3 12308G, 14139G, 16343G Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [29 28/99, 680 no. 52/00, 96 13/99, 11/99 object 24, 665 no. 43/00]   100-200 AD     H 5 samples 7028C, CRS Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [718 no. 77/00]   100-200 AD     H 7028C, 16093C, 16129A, 16316G Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [724 no. 80/00]   100-200 AD     H5 7028C, 16153A, 16304C, reported as H Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [438 (grave 68) no. 78/K/99; 45 16/99]   100-200 AD     H 2 samples of 7028C, 16183C, 16189C Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [421 no. 68/K/99]   100-200 AD     H 7028C, 16129A Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [37 no. 32/99]   100-200 AD     J2a 10398G 16069T, 16126C, 16145A, 16231C, 16261T, 16299G Juras 2012
Wielbark Poland Rogowo [705 no. 74/00]   100-200 AD     T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Juras 2012
Sarmatian Hungary Csongrád Bokrospuszta 20   1st–4th C AD     N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T Guba 2011;Banffy 2012
Sarmatian Hungary Szakmár 8         N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T Guba 2011;Banffy 2012
Sarmatian Hungary Szarvas 23/22         Novel 16235G, 16261T, 16291T, 16293G, 16304C Guba 2011;Banffy 2012
  Denmark Simonsborg [Si2]   100-200 AD     H 7028C, 16189C Melchior 2010
  Denmark Simonsborg [Si4]   100-200 AD     H 7028C, 16172C, 16311C Melchior 2010
  Denmark Simonsborg [Si6]   100-200 AD     H 7028C, 16093C, 16221T Melchior 2010
  Denmark Simonsborg [Si5]   100-200 AD     I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2010
  Denmark Simonsborg [Si8]   100-200 AD     U5b 7028T, 12308G, 16192T, 16270T, 16304C Melchior 2010
  Denmark Simonsborg [Si9]   100-200 AD     T2b 7028T, 15607G, 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C, 16362C Melchior 2010
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 5, Khakassia Republic [S33]Blue or green eyes, blond or light brown hair, fair or medium skin
F 100–400 AD     C 16093C, 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 4 [S34] Blue or green eyes
M 100–400 AD R1a1 Riii in table 2 HV 16172C, 16311C Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I,
burial 2 [S35] Brown eyes
F 100–400 AD     H or U 16093C, 16209C Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I, burial [S36]
Blue or green eyes, blond or light brown hair, fair or medium skin
F 100–400 AD     N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T Keyser 2009
Tachtyk Russia Bogratsky region, Abakano-Pérévoz I, burial 4 [S37] 
Blue or green eyes, blond or light brown hair, fair or medium skin
F 100–400 AD     T1 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16269G, 16294T, 16362C Keyser 2009
Przeworsk Poland Karczyn [353 PET 30/580]   100-500 AD     H 7028C, 16222T Juras 2012
Przeworsk Poland Karczyn [PET 30/148 ob. 157]   100-500 AD     N1a1 10238C, 16147A, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Juras 2012
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S4] ? 200-270 AD     H 7028C, 16311C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S5] F 200-270 AD     H 7028C, 16162G, 16266T, 16319A Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S6] F 200-270 AD     H 7028C, 16299G Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S14] F 200-270 AD     H 7028C, 16263C, 16319A Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S3] F 200-270 AD     H5 7028C, 16304C, reported as H1 Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S1] ? 200-270 AD     J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S9]   200-270 AD     J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16093C, 16126C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S2] M 200-270 AD     K 7028T, 12308G 16224C, 16311C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S11] F? 200-270 AD     K 7028T, 12308G 16093C, 16224C, 16311C Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S13] F 200-270 AD     U3a 7028T, 12308G 16343G, 16390A Melchior 2008a
  Denmark Skovgaarde [S7] F 200-270 AD     V 7028T, 4580A, 16298C Melchior 2008a
  Kazakhstan Kok-Mardan (Kourgan 2,3,6,16)   200-500 AD     U1 16183, 16189, 16249 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Chinese Dynastic

Quin to Western Jin China Sampula, Luo County, Xinjiang Khotan [Y1]   217 BC-283 AD     B 16223, 16256, 16327 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y8 and Y10]   217 BC-283 AD     C 16223, 16229, 16327 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y7]   217 BC-283 AD     F1a 16126, 16162, 16172, 16304 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y5]   217 BC-283 AD     G 16111, 16223, 16234, 16362 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [L1]   217 BC-283 AD     M 16223, 16256, 16327 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y3]   217 BC-283 AD     M 16113, 16223 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y6]   217 BC-283 AD     N 16126, 16183C, 16189, 16311, 16365 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y13]   217 BC-283 AD     N 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16247C Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y2]   217 BC-283 AD     T2 16126, 16129, 16260, 16294, 16296, 16304 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [L3]   217 BC-283 AD     U3 16343 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [L4]   217 BC-283 AD     U3 16189, 16343 Xie 2007b
Quin - W. Jin China Sampula [Y11 and Y12]   217 BC-283 AD     U3 Two samples 16129, 16223, 16343 Xie 2007b
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     A   Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     D 2 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     G2a   Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     H 3 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     I   Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     M 3 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     N 3 samples Gao 2008
Western Han China Yuansha   135 BC     T 2 samples Gao 2008
Sui Dynasty
Sogdian person
China Tomb of Yu Hong, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province [Yu Hong] M d. 593 AD     U5   Xie 2007a
Sui Dynasty China Tomb of Yu Hong
[Wife of Yu Hong]
F c. 600 AD     G   Xie 2007a

Roman

Roman Spain Mas d’Arago, Cervera del Maestre (Castellon) [1MAR2]         H CRS Gamba 2008
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [1B]   79 AD     HV0 rCRS + 16292 and 16298 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [1A]   79 AD     H ? rCRS + 16399 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [5,6B]   79 AD     H rCRS in HVS1 and 73 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [3A, 3B, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3D]   79 AD     T2b? Presumed family group 16294, 16304 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Syria Italy/Syria Luke the Evangelist
Born Antioch; buried Padua
  c. 150 AD     J1b3a? 16235, 16291T, +7025 AluI. No haplogroup reported. Bandelt queries whether sequence is authentic. Vernesi 2001; Bandelt 2005
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R13]   300-400 AD     H1a 16162 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R2]   300-400 AD     T2b? 16294, 16304, 16320 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R9]   300-400 AD     HV0 16298 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R7]   300-400 AD     U5b 16189, 16270 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R8]   300-400 AD     T2b 16126, 16294, 16304 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R3]   300-400 AD     X2f 16189, 16223, 16278 Töpf 2006, 2007
Roman Syria Tell Masaikh [MK 13G 117] F 200–300 AD     M49 16223T, 16234T, 16311C Witas 2013
Late Roman Syria Tell Masaikh [MK 11G 107] M 500–700 AD     M4b1 73G, 489C, 511T, 10398G, 10400T, 16223T, 16289G, 16266T Witas 2013

Medieval

Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     H 11 samples CRSin HVI; nt73 HVR-II - G Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     H 12 samples CRS in HVI; nt73 HVR-II - A Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     H 11 samples 16362; nt73 HVR-II - A Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     J 3 samples: 16069, 16126, 16390 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     J 3 samples 16069, 16126 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     J 2 samples 16069, 16126, 16278, 16366 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     K 16224, 16311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     M1 2 samples 16129, 16185, 16189, 16223, 16249, 16311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     T 16126, 16189, 16294 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     T2 16126, 16294, 16296, 16304 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     T2 16126, 16266, 16274, 16294, 16304 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     U2 16051, 16092, 16129C, 16192, 16362 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     U2 16051, 16129C, 16183, 16189, 16362 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     U5 16192, 16270 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     U5 16176, 16270 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     U5 16172, 16189, 16192, 16270, 16311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta   500-700 AD     HV0 16298. Reported as V. Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD R1 2 samples M173     Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD R1b 19 samples M173 -M198     Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD R1b1b2a1a2b 2 samples M153     Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 AD I 4 samples M170     Alzualde 2007
Anglian Bernicia England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N9]   400-600 AD     H CRS Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian 
Bernicia
England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N12]   400-600 AD     H 126, 293C. Reported as J. Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian Bernicia England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N3]   400-600 AD     H2b 298, 311 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian 
Bernicia
England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N16]   400-600 AD     I 129, 223 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian 
Bernicia
England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N15]   400-600 AD     T2e 126, 153, 294 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian 
Bernicia
England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N7, N19]   400-600 AD     U5a 2 samples: 192, 256, 270, 311  Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian 
Bernicia
England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N11]   400-600 AD     U5a1b1 192, 256, 270, 291. Reported as U5a1. Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian 
Bernicia
England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market  [N20, N57]   400-600 AD     W 2 samples: 223, 292 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Buckland, Dover, Kent   500-600 AD         Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Market Lavington, near Salisbury   550-700 AD         Töpf 2006, 2007
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244E] M 670 AD G2a Y-Search H6KZ2, QCX3T;
Gi in table 2
    Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244F] M 670 AD G2a Y-Search 2SRMA;
Gii in table 2
    Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244A and B] M 670 AD R1b Siblings: Y-Search 6QUDR;
Rbii in table 2
    Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244C] M 670 AD R1b Y-Search H78RA;
Rbiii in table 2
    Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244D] M 670 AD R1b Y-Search ZYRUU;
Rbiv in table 2
    Vanek 2009
  Hungary Zalavár 23   8000-9000AD     H? CRS, HVSI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011
  Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros, Huesca, Aragon [Femur 1] M 776-900 AD R1b1b2 M269 H 16069T, 16126C, 16300G Núńez 2011
  Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 3] M 807-974 AD R (xR1a) M207, analysis failed on M269 U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Núńez 2011
  Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 2] M 885-985 AD     H 16291T Núńez 2011
  Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Rib 1] M 885-987 AD     H? CRS Núńez 2011
  Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 5] M 885-991 AD     H 16069T, 16126C, 16300G Núńez 2011
  Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 4] M 889-991 AD     H? CRS Núńez 2011
Viking Norway Oseberg ship burial F 780-790 AD     U7   Holck 2006
  Czech Republic Tetin [Grave 7] M 870-950 AD G2 M201     Kubálek 2008
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W55]   890–1020 AD     H CRS Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W21]   890–1020 AD     H 16222 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W22]   890–1020 AD     H 16162G Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W51]   890–1020 AD     H 16221 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W5]   890–1020 AD     ? 16172C, 16187T, 16189C, 16217C, 16223T Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W27 and W37]   890–1020 AD     H? 2 samples 16126C. Reported as J Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W9]   890–1020 AD     H? 16224C, 16293G, 16311C. Reported as K Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W30]   890–1020 AD     U5b1 16189,  16270 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W14]   890–1020 AD     ? 16183C,  16189,  16239 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W32 and W18]   890–1020 AD     T1a 16126,  16163,  16186,  16189,  16294 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W38]   890–1020 AD     T1 16126,  16163,  16186,  16189,  16294,  16193D Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W25]   890–1020 AD     T1 16126,  16163,  16186,  16189,  16294,  16193D,  16239 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W49]   890–1020 AD     T2? 16126,  16294,  16304,  16192,  16207 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W29]   890–1020 AD     T2? 16126,  16294,  16304,  16192,  16260 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W6]   890–1020 AD     X2e1 16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T Töpf 2006, 2007
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G1]   1000 AD     K 7028T 12308G 16126C 16224C 16311C 16320T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G2]   1000 AD     H 7028C 16093C Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G3]   1000 AD     H 7028C 16278T 16212G 16222T 16255A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G4]   1000 AD     H 7028C 16213A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G5 and G11]   1000 AD     U5a1a 2 samples; 7028T 12308G 16256T 16270T 16399G Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G6]   1000 AD     I 10034C 16129A 16223T 16391A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G7]   1000 AD     X2c 7028T 14470C 8705C 16189C 16223T 16255A 16278T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G8]   1000 AD     H 7028C 16174T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G9]   1000 AD     T2b 7028T 16126T 16294T 16296T 16304C, reported as T2 Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G10]   1000 AD     H5 7028C 16172C 16304C, reported as H Melchior 2008b
  Poland Cedynia [323 and 172]   900-1400AD     H 2 samples 7028C, CRS in HVR I Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [269]   900-1400AD     H2a1 7028C, 16354T, reported as H Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [645]   900-1400AD     H 7028C, 16189C Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [936]   900-1400AD     H 7028C, 16126C, 16362T Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [805]   900-1400AD     H1a 7028C, 16162G Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [119]   900-1400AD     K1 1189C, 16224C, 16311C Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [LX 19]   900-1400AD     K2 1189T, 146C, 152T, 16222T, 16224T, 16270T, 16311C Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [02]   900-1400AD     X2 1719G, 146C, 195C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16258C, 16266T, 16274A, 16278T Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [708]   900-1400AD     X2 1719A, 146T, 195C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [615]   900-1400AD     HV 7028T, 14766T, 16189C, 16271C Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [1008]   900-1400AD     J1b 16069T, 16126C, 16145A, 16222T, 16261T Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [67]   900-1400AD     R0a 16126C, 16362C Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [695]   900-1400AD     HV0* 72C, 7028T, 16129A, 16145A, 16298C Juras 2012
  Poland Cedynia [773]   900-1400AD     N1b 16145A, 16176G, 16209C, 16223T Juras 2012
  Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 213. tomb [anc13] M 900-950 AD     R +73ApaLI, 11719A, 12308A, 12705C, +14766MseI, 16311C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Harta-Freifelt 10.tomb [anc25] F 900-950 AD     H5 -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 10310G, 16294T, 16304C, reported as H Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Oroshaza-Gorbics tanya 2.tomb [anc3] F 900-1000AD     N1a +10237HphI, 10400C, 16147A, 16172C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16320T, 16355T, Mitosearch ID: 75QFP Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Aldebro-Mocsaros 25. tomb [anc7] F 900-1000AD     U4 12308G, 16356C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Besenyotelek-Szorhat 1. tomb [anc8] M 900-1000AD     N1a +10237HphI, +10871MnlI, 16147A, 16172C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T 
Mitosearch ID: QDGKZ
Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Eger-Szepasszonyvolgy 4. tomb [anc9] ? 900-1000AD     U -73ApaLI, +7025AluI, 12308G, +14766MseI, 16259A, 16311C Tömöry 2007
Magyar Hungary Szarvas 23/20   900-1000AD     N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T Guba 2011;Banffy 2012
  Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 88.tomb [anc17] M 900-1100AD     H5 -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16304C, reported as H Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Izsak-Balazspuszta [anc1] M c. 950 AD       16140C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189C, 16217C, 16274A, 9bp del Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Szabadkigyos-Palliget [anc28] Rich grave goods M c. 950 AD N1c [= old N3] Tat C     Csányi 2008
  Hungary Szabadkigyos-Palliget 7.tomb [anc4] Rich grave goods M c. 950 AD     U4 10400C, 12308G, 12705C, +173ApaLI, 16223T, 16356C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 118. tomb [anc12] F c. 950 AD     T 16126C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189C, 16294T, 16296T, 16298C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 2.tomb [anc18] F c. 950 AD     T2b 16126C, 16148T, 16218T, 16294T, 16304C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 41.tomb [anc19]

Poor grave goods

M c. 950 AD     H -273ApaLI, -7025AluI, 14766MseI, 16093C, 16366T Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 60.tomb [anc20] F c. 950 AD     M 10400T, 16223T, 16311C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Aldebro-Mocsaros 25. tomb [anc7] F 975-1000AD     U4 12308G, 16356C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 5. tomb [anc10] M 975-1000AD     I +10237HphI, 12705T, 16129A, 16148T, 16223T Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 9. tomb [anc11] M 975-1000AD     T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16304C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 62.tomb [anc14] F 975-1000AD     R +73ApaLI, -7025AluI, 11719A, 12308A, +14766MseI, CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 63.tomb [anc15] F 975-1025AD     V 72C, -73ApaLI, +4580NheI, +7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16153A, 16298C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 74.tomb [anc16] M 975-1025AD     T 10400C, +10871MnlI, 16051G, 16126C, 16147T, 16294T, 16296T Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Ormenykut 3/c tomb [anc21]

Rich grave goods

M 975-1000AD N1c (formerly N3) Tat C H -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007;Csányi 2008
  Hungary Ormenykut 8.tomb [anc22] M 975-1000AD     X +10871MnlI, 14470C, 6183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Ormenykut 12.tomb [anc23] F 975-1000AD     X +10871MnlI, 14470C, 6183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 78.tomb [anc27] M 975-1025AD     HV -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16311C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Szegvar-Oromdulo 412. tomb [anc5] F 1000-1050AD     H -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, +14766MseI, CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Lebeny-Kaszas 80.tomb [anc26] M 1000-1100AD     H -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16311C, 16362C Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Magyarhomorog 120.tomb [anc2] M 1050 AD     H -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Szegvar-Oromdulo 593. tomb [anc6] F 1050-1100AD     U5a2a 12308G, 16114A, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T. Reported as U5a1 Tömöry 2007
  Hungary Zalavar-Kapolna 270.tomb [anc24] M 1100 AD     U3 12308G, 16311C, 16343G Tömöry 2007
  Poland Lednica [Led./Dziek. 9/92]   1000-1400AD     H5 7028C, 16304C, reported as H Juras 2012
  Poland Lednica [5] M 1000-1400AD     H 7028C, 16311C Juras 2012
  Poland Lednica [skull 10]   1000-1400AD     T1a 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16294T Juras 2012
  Poland Lednica [8] M 1000-1400AD     J1b 10398G, 16069T, 16126C, 16145A, 16172C, 16222T, 16261T Juras 2012
  Poland Lednica [1554 Led./Dziek.]   1000-1400AD     W 8251A, 16223T Juras 2012
Viking/Christian Denmark Sven II Estridsen, King of Denmark M d. 1074 AD      H 7028C Dissing 2007
Viking/Christian Denmark Margrethe, alias Estrid, Queen of Denmark F 11th-century     H5a2 16093C, 16304C, reported as H5a Dissing 2007
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A211/K5] F 1000-1250AD     H 7028C Rudbeck 2005Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A346/K6 ] M 1000-1250AD     H 7028C, 16221T Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A395/K8 ] F? 1000-1250AD     H 7028C, 16129A, 16316G, 16360T Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A367/K2 and A363/K7] F 1000-1250AD     I 2 samples 7028T, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A368/K3] F 1000-1250AD     J 7028T, 16069T, 16126C Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A362/K4] F 1000-1250AD     T2b 7028T, 16126C, 16174T, 16266T, 16294T, 16304C, reported as T2 Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A396/K1] M 1000-1250AD     U7 7028T, 12308G, 16189C, 16318T Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
  Czech Republic Church of St.Margaret, Podlazice [HB02] M c. 1180 AD R1b* Ysearch U98VT; Rbv intable 2     Daniel Vanek, Forensic DNA Service
  Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast   1100-1300     H? 43 samples CRS Kulikov 2004
  Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast   1100-1300     H17? 2 samples 16129A Kulikov 2004
  Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast   1100-1300     I? 2 samples 16129A, 16223T Kulikov 2004
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Madinat Bagut, now Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, RO or R 11 samples CRS between 16065 and 16365 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, RO or R 16184d Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16114 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R 2 samples -7025 AluI; 16126 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R 2 samples -7025 AluI; 16129 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16192 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16193 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16256 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16261 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R 2 samples -7025 AluI; 16304 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16067, 16129 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16093, 16126 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16189, 16362 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16278, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16174, 16189, 16190, 16192, 16294 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     V +7025 AluI/72, 16298 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     V +7025 AluI/72, 16192, 16298, Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     U5* +0477TspI, +12308 HinfI. 16270 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     U5* +0477TspI, +12308 HinfI. 16224, 16270, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     U5a1 16192, 16256, 16270, 16320 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     U5b 16159, 19192, 16270, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     K -9052 HaeII, 16224, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     T* 3 samples +4216 N1aIII, 16126, 16294 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     T* +4216 N1aIII, 16126, 16294, 16325 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     T2 +4216 N1aIII, 16126, 16189, 16294, 16296. Reported T*. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     T1a 2 samples 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294. Reported T1. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     J* 4 samples +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     J* +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126, 16366 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     J* +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126, 16189 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     J* 4 samples +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126, 16227, 16278 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     J2a1a 16069, 16126, 16145, 16231, 16261. Reported J1a Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     N1b 16111, 16126, 16145, 16176G, 16223 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     R 2 samples 16233. Reported N, M or L3 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     R 16233, 16311. Reported as N, M or L3. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     L3d -8616MboI, -10084TaqI, 16124, 16223 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     L1b -7055AluI, 16126, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16264, 16278, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     L1b -7055AluI, 16126, 16175, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16264, 16270, 16278, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     L1b 16126, 16175, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16264, 16270, 16278, 16293. Reported as L1b1. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     L2 16223, 1678, 16311, 16355, 16368, 16390 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba   1100-1300     L2a1 16189, 16192, 16223, 16278, 16294, 16309, 16390. Reported as L2a1B3 Casas 2006
Slavic? Germany Usedom, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [U48a] M 1200 E1b1b M215 H CRS Freder 2010
Slavic? Germany Usedom [U54] M 1200 R1a1a1g M458, reported as R1a1a7 K 16224C, 16311C Freder 2010
Slavic? Germany Usedom [U110] F 1200     H 16311C Freder 2010
Slavic? Germany Usedom [U131] F 1200     K 16224C, 16311C Freder 2010
Cumanian Hungary Csengele   1200-1300     H, V, U, U3, JT and D   Bogácsi-Szabó 2005
  Denmark Riisby [R1]   1250-1450     T2 7028T, 15607G, 16126C, 16153A, 16294T Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R2]   1250-1450     K 7028T, 12308G, 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R3 + R10]   1250-1450     J 2 samples: 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R5]   1250-1450     H5 7028C, 16261T, 16296T, 16304C, reported as H Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R6]   1250-1450     N1a 7028T, 12705T, 16147A, 16172C, 16195C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R9]   1250-1450     H 7028C, rCRS Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R11]   1250-1450     J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C, 16256T Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R12]   1250-1450     I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2010
  Denmark Riisby [R13]   1250-1450     U5b 7028T, 12308G, 16189C, 16192T, 16270T, 16398A Melchior 2010
  Sweden Birger Magnusson M d. 1266 I1 M253 H CRS Malmstrom 2011
  Sweden Erik, son of Birger M d. 1275 I1 M253 Z1a 16129A, 16185T, 16223T, 16224C, 16260T, 16298C Malmstrom 2011
  Sweden Mechtild of Holstein F d. 1288     U5b1 16189C, 16270T Malmstrom 2011
  England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 5 (SN 5053)]   1347–1351     H   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 2 (ES 8291)]   1347–1351     H1   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 3 (SN 5194)]   1347–1351     H2a   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 4.1 (ES 11972)] F 1347–1351     H6a1a   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 1 (ES 6443)]   1347–1351     HV0b   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 2 (SN 5200)]   1347–1351     K1a1b1   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 4 (SN 5122)]   1347–1351     T2b   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 3 (ES 6330)]   1347–1351     T2g   Schuenemann 2011
  England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 5 (ES 8124)] F 1347–1351     U4c1a   Schuenemann 2011
  Italy Francesco Petrarca M 1374 AD     J1d 16126, 16193, 16311 [Reported as J2] Caramelli 2007
  Italy Grave of Francesco Petrarca F ?     H* Female skull. 16129 Caramelli 2007
Royal England Richard III M d. 1485     J1c2c 73G, 146C, 185A, 188G, 263G, 295T, 315.1C, 16069T, 16126C, Ehrenberg 2013

Modern

  Poland Nicolaus Copernicus

Blue/grey eyes

M d. 1543 R1b? Rbvi in table 2. H1 709G, 1719G, 1811A, 3010G, 6365T, 6776T, 7028C, 8251G, 8697G, 9055G,11251A, 12372G, 13708G, 14766C, 14798T, 15904C. Reported as H. Bogdanowicz 2009
  Hungary Dobóruszka   1500-1600     U3 16343G Guba 2011
Royal France Henry IV (from head thought to be his) M d. 1610 G2a? Partial Y-STR profile matching that of Louis XVI below U5b* 16239T 16270T 16311C Charlier 2012
Royal France Henry IV (from three known male-line descendants) M d. 1610 R1b1b2a1a1b U106, Z381     Larmuseau 2013
Royal France Louis XVI (from blood presumed to be his) M d. 1793 G2a M52A, M216G, M174A, M181T, M201T, M91A, M96G, M214A N1b 73G, 151T, 152C, 189G, 194T, 195C, 263G, 315.1C, 16093C, 16145A, 16176(G), 16223T Lalueza-Fox 2010
Royal France Napoleon Bonaparte M d. 1821 E1b1b1b2a1d M123, M34, L791, L792   16184T Lucotte 2011; Lucotte 2013
  Hungary Vác Dominician Church, mummy 88   1800-1900     H? CRS, HVSI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011
  Hungary Vác mummy 129   1800-1900     H12 16287T Guba 2011
  Hungary Vác mummy 179   1800-1900     N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T, partial Guba 2011
Royal UK Queen Victoria, as deduced from living descendants in the female line and the remains of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and her children F d. 1901     H 263G, 315.1C, 524.1A,524.2C,750G, 1438G, 3010A, 4137T, 4769G, 8860G, 15326G, 16111T, 16357C, 16519C Rogaev 2009; Coble 2009
Royal Russia Tzar Nicholas II M d. 1918 R1b   T* 16126C, 16169Y*, 16294T, 16296T, 73G, 263G, 315.1C

* Y= heteroplasmy

Rogaev 2009; Coble 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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